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Data source and methodology

The OECD/RIHR survey to HIs was mainly based on multiple-choice questions. However, it also included fields for optional comments, and this chapter draws on both the quantitative and qualitative data provided. In some instances it refers to specific examples from the case studies presented in Part II, Chapters 5 to 10.

Coverage

The survey collected information from 99 HIs in 10 OECD countries (Table 4.1). This chapter focuses on HIs that host CoEs associated with a REI programme. As described in Chapter 1, the seven criteria used to identify REIs are as follows:

  • • government-level funding of selected research units and institutions
  • • exceptional quality in research and research-related activities
  • • long-term funding (a minimum of four years)
  • • funds are competitive and are distributed on the basis of peer-reviewed applications
  • • applicants are required to participate in selection processes with fixed time frames
  • • institutions or research units (instead of individuals) apply for the funds as a collective body
  • • funding is substantially larger than for individual project-based funding (a general lower limit of USD 1 million a year per centre).

Of the 99 that responded to the survey, 75 hosted at least one CoE fitting the definition used in this study, and they constitute the final sample. Japanese HIs account for around 35% of the sample,1 followed by German HIs (around 17%). The countries least represented in the overall sample are Estonia with two respondents (2.7%) and Denmark with three (4%). It should be noted, however, that the response rate across countries (Table 4.1) only provides information on the number of institutions responding to the OECD/RIHR survey and it is, therefore, not representative of higher education and public research institutions at the national level.

Table 4.1. Distribution of HIs across participating OECD countries

Country

Number of HIs

% of sample

Austria

5

6.7

Denmark

3

4.0

Estonia

2

2.7

Germany

14

18.7

Ireland

5

6.7

Japan

26

34.7

Norway

9

12.0

Portugal

4

5.3

Slovenia

4

5.3

United States

3

4.0

Total

75

100

Source: OECD/RIHR Survey to Host Institutions, 2012.

 
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