1. DNRF was set up as an independent body by Act of Parliament in 1991. Since the first grants in 1993 most of the funds have been spent on CoEs in Denmark. The funded centres are expected to create outstanding research of high international calibre that may be described as ambitious, highly creative, original, scientifically daring and potentially ground-breaking.
2. Each SPIR is typically linked to one or more strong, well-established research environments, with the involvement of other research environments. Once funding ceases, the SPIR is expected to have become an internationally leading research environment and to continue its collaborative activities with public-sector, private- sector and international partners.
3. Denmark in the Global Economy - Progress, Innovation and Cohesion Strategy for Denmark in the Global Economy - Key Initiatives and the UNIK call for proposals http://en.gi.dk/applv-for-funding/calls/2007/unik-call-for-proposals.
4. USD PPP in 2011.
5. OECD/RIHR Host questionnaire, Q4.
6. OECD/RIHR Host Survey Q11.
7. OECD/RIHR Host Survey Q 9.
8. OECD/RIHR Host SurveyQ7.
9. MINDLab covers five of the six fields of science, i.e. the natural sciences, engineering and technology, medical sciences and health, social sciences, and the humanities. Synthetic Biology covers the natural sciences, engineering and technology, medical sciences and health, and the humanities. Food, Fitness and Pharma cover the natural sciences, medical sciences and health, social sciences, and the humanities. CASE covers the natural sciences and engineering and technology. None of the funded centres covers agricultural science and only two out of the four cover social sciences.
10. OECD/RIHR CoE Survey Q 19.
11. OECD/RIHR CoE Survey Q 22.
12. OECD/RIHR CoE Survey Q 21. Only MINDLab specifically states that it partly existed before the application for funding.
13. The partners are from six faculties (18 departments) at the University of Copenhagen.
14. In one centre this group is significantly larger than the others, in another it is significantly smaller and in two centres it is approximately the same size.
15. The data are very uncertain. For instance, at one centre the scientists are employed by 18 departments and therefore do not have a general view of the centre’s full-time and part-time employment covered by the grant.
16. This figure is highly uncertain because the grant has been distributed to more than 18 departments and the centre’s management notes that it does not have a general view of the centre’s full-time and part-time employment covered by the grant.
17. OECD/RIHR Host Survey Q 5
18. OECD/RIHR Host Survey Q 6.
19. OECD/RIHR CoE Survey Q 24.
20. OECD/RIHR CoE Survey Q 25.
21. OECD/RIHR CoE Survey Q19.
22. OECD/RIHR CoE Survey Q 12.
23. OECD/RIHR Host Survey Q14 and Q 15. Only DTU answers that the departments are not affected to a considerable degree by the CoE.