1. The Council for Science and Technology Policy had determined the policy for allocating special co-ordination funds, including the basic orientation of science and technology and selection of priority areas. The programme’s allocation operations were run by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.
7. The Message from the chair of the WPI Programme Committee, issued at the time of the first recruiting in 2007, noted the following as well as its background: “Over recent years, global competition in recruiting the best and brightest researchers has intensified. To maintain and improve Japan’s scientific and technological standing, we will need to position ourselves within the global flow of outstanding human resources while creating research platforms that will naturally attract and amass such human resources in Japan. Given this imperative, it is the aim of the WPI Initiative to establish research centers of a caliber that will win high esteem throughout the world for the outstanding results they produce. Like Bio-X at Stanford University, the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, Janelia Farm at Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), or MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in the United Kingdom, these research centres should be capable of attracting frontline researchers from around the world and of advancing research that integrates cutting-edge fields while pioneering new domains of scientific pursuit.”
8. The FY 2012 recruitment was called WPI Focus and was intended to form research centres in cutting-edge domains.
Hicks, D. (2010), “Overview of models of performance-based research funding systems”, in OECD (2010), Performance-based Funding for Public Research in Tertiary Education Institutions: Workshop Proceedings, OECD Publishing, Paris, pp. 23-52.