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Distribution by field

The research centres funded by FCT are almost equally distributed among fields of science, except for medical sciences (11%) and agriculture sciences (4%) (Table 9.2). However, researchers in the CoEs are concentrated in three domains: engineering and technology, with the highest number of researchers per CoE, medical sciences and natural sciences. The fields with the greatest number of CoEs (not ALs) are social sciences (17), natural sciences (16) and humanities (14) (Figure 9.1).

Agricultural sciences have no ALs or CoEs, and the humanities have no ALs.

Table 9.2. Distribution of CoEs by scientific field in 2010

Scientific field

Number of researchers per CoE

CoEs

Total number of research centres

CoEs (not ALs)

ALs

Mean

Min

Max

a

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Natural sciences

120

15

215

51

16

28

6

23

76

24

Engineering and technology

169

14

312

96

8

14

13

50

65

20

Medical sciences

128

14

229

68

3

5

5

19

34

11

Social sciences

84

8

102

29

17

29

2

8

69

22

Humanities

49

13

81

19

14

24

0

0

62

19

Agricultural

sciences

---

---

---

---

0

0

0

0

12

4

|Total

141

8

312

67

58

100

26

100

318

100

Source: Foundation for Science and Technology internal data, multi-year funding programme.

Figure 9.1. CoEs by number of researchers and scientific fields in comparison with the total number of centres funded by FCT and total number of researchers in Portugal, 2010

Source: Foundation for Science and Technology internal data.

The CoEs with the highest amounts of FCT funding are in natural sciences, social sciences and the humanities (Figure 9.2), while the ALs with the highest amounts are in engineering and technology (52%), medical sciences (24%) and natural sciences (18%); this funding rose steeply in 2006 (Figure 9.3). In parallel, the number of researchers in ALs grew steadily until 2010, when it increased significantly (Figure 9.4).

Figure 9.2. Number of CoEs and funding by scientific field, 2010

Source: Foundation for Science and Technology internal data.

Figure 9.3. Evolution of funding to ALs by scientific field, 2003-10

Euro

Source: Foundation for Science and Technology internal data.

Figure 9.4. Evolution of researchers (FTE) in ALs by scientific field, 2003-11

Source: Foundation for Science and Technology internal data.

 
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