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Introduction

Chemistry is a science that has become critical to the study of many different fields, and is applied on a regular basis to engineering problems, sometimes even without the users realizing they have done so. This text serves to remind those who have likely studied chemistry early in their careers as students, but have since, perhaps, forgotten some of the more explicit lessons of those courses, even if they retained the essential principles and concepts. Herein the authors present a recap of introductory chemistry, and organic and polymer chemistry basics, that are essential to the understanding of many engineering applications, especially important in environmental engineering. It is hoped that students in other fields of engineering and science will also find this book useful, particularly with the generous number of solved examples provided.

Chapter 1 presents the most fundamental principles of chemistry, the nature of matter, and the basics of chemical accounting. It is roughly the equivalent of a first semester introductory chemistry course. Every effort has been made to demystify the subject while maintaining its integrity.

In Chapter 2, more advanced topics, normally encountered in a second semester introductory course are discussed. These topics include equilibrium and the closely related topic of solubility, kinetics, thermodynamics, and electrochemistry. Relevant examples can be found here, as these topics often play key roles in environmental applications.

The last chapter of this text, Chapter 3, gives a recap of an organic chemistry structure course. The naming and structure of organic compounds are discussed. Of particular interest to the reader may be the sections discussing polymer chemistry, as modern construction and consumer products rely more and more heavily on plastics and adhesives that fall into this category of chemicals.

Finally, there is a companion book to this work, Applied Chemistry for Environmental Engineering. That book delves deeper into topics that may be of particular interest to environmental engineers, from the chemistry perspective. This book serves as a foundation in knowledge for full enjoyment of the second volume.

 
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