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Home arrow Economics arrow American Trypanosomiasis Chagas Disease, Second Edition: One Hundred Years of Research

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Glossary

Some of the specialized words are explained in the text; others are defined here.

Allopatric geographically isolated and thus unable to crossbreed

Anthropozoonotic transmissible from animals to humans

Arboreal living in trees

Autosome chromosome that is not a sex chromosome

Biotope area of uniform environmental conditions providing a living place for a specific assemblage of plants and animals

C-heterochromatic blocks densely staining chromosomal material that appears as nodules and contains relatively few genes

Caatinga dry forest region in the northeastern part of Brazil

Cerrado extensive woodland savannah in Central Brazil

Clade group of biological taxa (as species) that includes all descendants of one common ancestor

Cryptic species species that appear morphologically identical but are genetically isolated from each other

Cytochrome b mitochondrial gene

Cytogenetics study of the structure and function of the chromosomes Diploid having a pair of each type of chromosome

Ecological niche multidimensional space defined by biotic and abiotic variables occupied by a species

Furnariidae family of ovenbirds

Genotypic relating to the genetic makeup of an individual Ornithophilic that feeds on bird Parapatric having contiguous geographic ranges Phenotypic relating to the observable traits of an organism Phylogeny evolutionary relationships within and between groups

Polyphyletic derived from two or more distinct ancestral lineages; the alternative is “monophyletic”

Rapoport’s rule relationship between the average latitudinal range and the midpoint of the latitudinal range

Stenohydric tolerant of a narrow range of humidity

Sympatric occupying the same or overlapping geographic areas without interbreeding Synanthropic ecologically associated with humans

Taxon (pl. taxa) taxonomic category or group such as a phylum, order, family, genus, or species

Xerophytic adapted to a dry environment

 
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