- 1. Head of Policies, Trade and Agriculture Division, Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD. The author gratefully acknowledges the contributions made by Martin Clever, Barbara Fliess, Jeonghoi Kim, Jane Korinek, Tarja Mard and Silvia Sorescu. This chapter draws on completed (OECD, 2010a) and ongoing OECD work on export restrictions on raw materials.
- 2. This case deals with the relation between export restrictions and subsidy. The question was whether US regulations that treat a restraint on exports of a product as a subsidy to other products made using or incorporating the restricted product was consistent with the WTO SCM Agreement (WT/DS194/R).
- 3. These figures are taken from the latest available WTO Trade Policy Reviews.
- 4. In addition, OECD (2010b) documents new export restrictions and removal of export restrictions as policy responses to the economic crisis.
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