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The Storage Qolqas

The space between the military barrack and the main Cuzcotuyo complex held nearly thirty circular qolqa warehouses built in fieldstone. These storage units had a standard 2 m diameter, although they lacked a particular spatial arrangement. We decided to excavate the best-preserved qolqa (Structure-14) to learn more about its function. This revealed a single episode of use. The floor had no particular preparation, and most of the remains were broken ceramic fragments (n=27). They belonged to wide- open utilitarian vessels that were suitable for storage. There was also a bola sling stone, perhaps signaling that these weapons were stored temporarily. Underneath rested the sterile matrix.

Residential Occupation

Despite the thick vegetation, we documented nearly six stone residential compounds distributed in the northwestern side of the main building complex. The best-preserved construction (Structure-13) was composed of an L-shaped room and an attached supplementary structure that was possibly used as a corral or for storage (Figure 7.13). In general, the architecture was simple; the walls were single rowed and built with unmodified fieldstones set without mortar. A small trapezoidal niche at the floor level indicated an Inka affiliation. Considering the small size of the compound, we excavated the entire internal space (Structure-13). There, we identified one principal episode of use associated with a low density of utilitarian and local pottery in the local Manchachi Slate on Red style. There were no Guarani-related or foreign ceramics, suggesting that the residents were from the region. No other archaeological features were found on the unmodified floor, indicating an ephemeral use.

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