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Natural fiber-reinforced biodegradable and bioresorbable polymer composites


PrefaceNatural fiber-reinforced polymer-based composites IntroductionSilkworm silk fiberMechanical propertiesApplicationsWound suturesScaffolds tissue engineeringSilk-based biocompositesChicken feather fiberChicken featherCFF/PLA biocompositesConclusionReferencesParticleboards from agricultural lignocellulosics and biodegradable polymers prepared with raw materials from natural resourcesIntroductionComposites: Types, production, and advantages over raw woodBiodegradable and Bioresourceable polymeric materialsAgricultural materials used in compositesReview of particleboards manufactured with agricultural materials and biodegradeable/ bioresourceable polymers in the last decadeParticleboards with polysaccharidesParticleboards with proteinsParticleboards with polymers obtained from biomass by microorganismsParticleboards with polymers synthesized conventionally and chemically from monomers obtained from agro-resourcesApplications—MarketConclusionsReferencesGreen composites made from cellulose nanofibers and bio-based epoxy: processing, performance, and applicationsIntroductionHow to prepare the cellulose-based aerogel preformMaking cellulose nanocompositeMechanical, microstructural, and tribological characterizationSample results obtained from mechanical, microstructural, and tribological testsMechanical properties of cellulose nanocompositeFailure analysis of cellulose nanocompositesEffect of fiber volume fraction on tribological propertiesReferencesBiodegradable fiber-reinforced polymer composites for construction applicationsIntroductionPolymer composites for construction applicationsSoil stabilization technologiesNatural polymers as soil stabilizers in constructionPolymer stabilized earth blocksInfluence of the soil characteristicsMechanical testingFlexural testsCompression testsUltrasonic diagnosticsResults assessmentAnalysis of the influence of the fiber typeNatural versus synthetic fibersComparison of the different fiber/polymer-soil matrix behaviorLife cycle assessment of polymer composite blocksFuture trendsAcknowledgmentsReferencesBleached kraft softwood fibers reinforced polylactic acid composites, tensile and flexural strengthsIntroductionMaterials and methodsMaterialsMethodsX-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of fibersComposite preparationMechanical characterizationFiber extraction from compositesDetermination of the fiber length and diameterResults and discussionFiber characterizationTensile propertiesFiber tensile strength factor (FTSF)Flexural propertiesFiber flexural strength factor (FFSF)ConclusionsReferencesSilk for sustainable compositesIntroductionSilk: a unique natural fiber candidateSilk as a particulate reinforcement in biofoamsThe structure and properties of silkworm cocoonsExperimental methodologyResults and discussionCocoons as volume-occupying fillers in foamsCocoons impart structural properties to foamsSummary and conclusionsNonwoven and woven silk laminate compositesProperties of silk fibersDesigning silk fiber compositesExperimentalResults and discussionAfterwordsEvaluating the sustainability of silk and it compositesAcknowledgmentsReferencesEffects of cellulose nanowhiskers preparation methods on the properties of hybrid montmorillonite/cellulose nanowhiskers reinforced polylactic acid nanocompositesIntroductionMaterials and methodsMaterialsPreparation of CNWChemical swellingAcid hydrolysisPreparation of neat PLA filmPreparation of PLA/MMT nanocomposites filmPreparation of PLA/MMT/CNW-CS hybrid nanocomposites filmPreparation of PLA/MMT/CNW-AH hybrid nanocomposites filmTesting and characterizationTensile testingThermogravimetric analysisFourier transform infrared spectroscopyMorphology analysisBiodegradability analysisResults and discussionTensile propertiesThermogravimetric analysisFT-IR spectroscopy analysisOptical microscopyField emission scanning electron microscopyTransmission electron microscopySoil burial analysisConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesBio-based resins for fiber- reinforced polymer composites IntroductionBiophenolic resinsBio-based epoxy resinsBio-based polyurethane (BPU)Cellulose acetateBiopolyestersBiopolyolefinsSummary and future perspectives of bioresinsAcknowledgmentsReferencesProcessing of lignocellulosic fiber-reinforced biodegradable compositesIntroductionChallenges in primary processing of LFBCProcessing of biocompositesPreprocessing of lignocellulosic fibers and biopolymer matrixFiber surface modificationPrecompounding of lignocellulosic fibers and biopolymer matrixExtrusionPultrusionMiscellaneous compounding processesInjection molding of LFBCIssues and challenges in injection molding of LFBCDistribution and orientation of natural fibersFiber breakage/attritionResidual stressesCompression moldingCompression molding of precompounded fiber-matrix mixtureFilm stacking methodFiber orientation and distributionConclusionsReferences
 
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