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Concluding remarks

When all of the chapters in this collection are taken together, we can see a clear role for linguistic ethnography in meticulously describing and analysing the complexity of social events (Blommaert 2007). However, questions remain about what it is that might distinguish linguistic ethnography as a new interdisciplinary field. We have identified five features of linguistic ethnography that are common across the case studies in this collection, and raised a series of questions relating to each of these. We now invite readers to consider for themselves the ways in which the following chapters address these questions, the extent to which these five features (individually or collectively) might characterise linguistic ethnography more broadly, and the status of linguistic ethnography as a new field.


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Blommaert, J. (2013) Ethnography, Super diversity and Linguistic Landscapes: Chronicles of Complexity (Critical Language and Literacy Studies) (Bristol: Multilingual Matters).

Blommaert, J. and Rampton, B. (2011) 'Language & superdiversity', Diversities 13(2) pp. 1-21.

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Copland, F. and Creese, A., with Rock, F. and Shaw, S. E. (2015) Linguistic Ethnography: Collecting, Analysing and Presenting Data (London: Sage).

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Flynn, P., Van Praet, E. and Jacobs, G. (2010) 'Emerging linguistic ethnographic perspectives on institutional discourses', Text & Talk, 30(2) pp. 97-103.

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Hymes, D. (1972) 'What Is Ethnography?' in P. Gilmore and A. A. Glatthorn (eds) Children In and Out of School: Ethnography and Education (Washington DC: Centre for Applied Linguistics) pp. 21-32.

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Jacobs, G. and Slembrouk, S. (2010) 'Notes on linguistic ethnography as a liminal activity', Text & Talk, 30(2) pp. 235-244.

Kincheloe, J. L. (2005) 'On to the next level: continuing the conceptualization of the bricolage', Qualitative Inquiry, 11(3) pp. 323-350.

Maybin, J. and Tusting, K. (2011) 'Linguistic Ethnography' in J. Simpson (ed.) Handbook of Applied Linguistics (London: Routledge).

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Rampton, B. (2007a) 'The micro-analysis of interactional discourse in linguistic ethnography: an illustration focused on the job interview', paper prepared for the ESRC Researcher Development Initiative, Ethnography, Language and Communication, Oxford.

Rampton, B. (2007b) 'Neo-Hymesian linguistic ethnography in the United Kingdom', Journal of Sociolinguistics, 11(5) pp. 584-607.

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Rampton, B., Maybin, J. and Tusting, K. (2007) 'Special Issue: Linguistic Ethnography', Journal of Sociolinguistics, 11(5) pp. 575-716.

Rampton, B., Tusting, K., Maybin, J., Barwell, R., Creese, A. and Lytra, V. (2004) 'UK Linguistic Ethnography: A Discussion Paper', published at www.ling-

Shaw, S. E. (2007) 'Driving out alternative ways of seeing: the significance of neo-liberal policy mechanisms for UK primary care research', Social Theory & Health, 5 pp. 316-337.

Snell, J. and Lefstein, A. (2015) 'Moving from "Interesting Data" to "Publishable Research Article' - Some Interpretative and Representational Dilemmas in a Linguistic Ethnographic Analysis of an English Literacy Lesson' in P. Smeyers, D. Bridges, N. Burbules and M. Griffiths (eds) International Handbook of Interpretation in Educational Research (Dordrecht: Springer) pp. 471-496.

Tusting, K. and Maybin, J. (2007) 'Linguistic ethnography and interdisciplinarity: opening the discussion', Journal of Sociolinguistics, 11(5) pp. 575-583.

Werner, O. and Schoepfle, G. (1989) Systematic Field Work (Newbury Park, CA: Sage).

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