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Arabic-Islamic views of the Latin West : tracing the emergence of medieval Europe

Arabic-Islamic Records on Latin-Christian EuropeDISPUTED CATEGORIZATIONS‘Arabic-Islamic’‘Latin-Christian’‘Islam’ and ‘the West’ in ‘the Middle Ages’SOURCESRange of Available SourcesRange of GenresDealing with Fragmentary RecordsSTATE OF RESEARCHRange of Available StudiesA Focus on ‘Muslim’ StereotypesReconstructing MultiperspectivityAn Evolving Information Landscape (7th-15th Centuries)WORLDS APART BECOME ACQUAINTED (5TH-8TH CENTURIES)The ‘Arab Factor’ in the History of the Roman EmpireAn Arab World-View Limited to the Middle Eastern Sphere?Into the UnknownNEIGHBOURS (8TH-15TH CENTURIES)Under Muslim RuleDiplomacy and Political InteractionMilitary Confrontation and Forced MigrationCommercial TrafficInfrastructures of Travel and CommunicationENTANGLED SPHERES AND THEIR ARABIC-ISLAMIC CHRONICLERSScholars at WorkABSORPTIVE CAPACITIESEmerging Intellectual InfrastructuresGeographies of Transmission and ReceptionTHE LINGUISTIC HURDLEThe Latin Dimension of ‘Frankish’Latin in al-AndalusLatin in Muslim North Africa and the Middle EastScholarship and Language SkillsACQUIRING RELIABLE DATA ON LATIN-CHRISTIAN EUROPEAccessing the Pre-Islamic PastGathering Data on Contemporary AffairsAssessing the Value of Acquired DataCONTEXTUALIZING, ORDERING, AND INTERPRETING DATAForeign Words and ConceptsEvoking the Correct ContextOrdering and InterpretingOBSTACLES OF TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTIONDiscovery of the Roman WestDISCLOSURE OF IMPERIAL HISTORY (5TH-10TH CENTURIES)The Pre-Islamic and Early Islamic PeriodEarliest Expositions of Roman HistoryDevelopment of an Early Standard NarrativeEXPLAINING THE RISE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN WEST (10TH-15TH CENTURIES)Middle Eastern TheoriesMuslim al-Andalus and its Roman PastCompilations of the 13th and 14th CenturiesFROM BYZANTIUM TO ROMEThe Visigoths. History of a Conquered PeopleRODERIC’S FALL: THE CONQUERORS’ PERSPECTIVE (7TH-10TH CENTURIES)Before the InvasionEarliest Arabic-Islamic Records on the VisigothsOrigins and Diffusion of the Early Standard NarrativeSUCCESSORS OF ROME: THE LATIN-BASED NARRATIVE (9TH-11TH CENTURIES)Challenges to the Early Standard NarrativeDiffusion of Translated Latin Sources in al-AndalusThe Visigothic Past within an Arabic-Islamic FrameworkVisigothic History and Regional Identity in al-AndalusCONFLICTING TRADITIONS: LATE COMPILATIONS (13TH-15TH CENTURIES)Earlier and Later Diffusion of the Latin-based NarrativeThe Latin-based Narrative in the Late Medieval Muslim WestClaiming the Visigothic HeritageA HERITAGE GAINED LOSES APPEALFrom the Franks to FranceEARLIEST RECORDS ON THE FRANKS (7TH-9TH CENTURIES)The Early Muslims and the Frankish SphereDirect Contact in the Era of ExpansionNEW VANTAGE POINTS (8TH-10TH CENTURIES)Andalusian Records on Frankish-Umayyad RelationsMiddle Eastern Records on Frankish-Abbasid RelationsEXTENSIONS OF FRANKISH RULE (9TH-14TH CENTURIES)Catalan ‘Franks’ on the Iberian PeninsulaNorman ‘Franks’ in the MezzogiornoTHE DEVELOPMENT OF A GENERIC TERM (10TH-15TH CENTURIES)Theories of the Pre-Crusade EraTheories in Reaction to Latin-Christian ExpansionismDIVERSIFICATION: FRANCE AND THE FRANKS (13TH-15TH CENTURIES)France and the French KingFrance and the FranksARABIC-ISLAMIC VERSIONS OF FRANKISH ‘ETHNOGENESIS’From the Patriarch of Rome to the PopeEARLY LACK OF RECORDS (8TH-9TH CENTURIES)Early Encounters between the Muslims and the Bishop of RomeNeglected Traces?Dominance of Late Antiquity in the Earliest RecordsFRESH INFORMATION FROM THE BORDER ZONES (10TH-13TH CENTURIES)Via Byzantium: ‘The Pope’, Local Ruler of Christian RomeVia al-Andalus: Chief of Religious AffairsVia Sicily and Hungary: Supreme Christian AuthorityNEW DATA THANKS TO LATIN-CHRISTIAN EXPANSIONISM (12TH-15TH CENTURIES)Popes and Muslim RulersThe Papacy and the Crusading MovementThe Papacy’s Conflict with the Staufen DynastyPapal Involvement in the Muslim WestTHE POPE’S POSITION WITHIN (LATIN) CHRISTENDOM (13TH-15TH CENTURIES)The Roman Patriarch of Late AntiquityFrom the Ruler of Rome to the Leader of ChristendomPapal Means of Exercising PowerTHE RISE OF AN INSTITUTIONThe Expanding Latin-Christian SphereTHE DOCUMENTARY EFFECTS OF EXPANSIONISM (12TH-15TH CENTURIES)‘Trauma’ and PerplexityThe Rise of Knowledge about Western European GeographyAn Updated Political Map of Western EuropeNEW PLAYERS ON THE MEDITERRANEAN SCENE (9TH-15TH CENTURIES)From the British Isles to EnglandFrom Slavic Territory to the Realm of the GermansThe Rise of the Italian City-States: The Example of GenoaEMERGING CHRISTIAN REALMS OF THE IBERIAN PENINSULA (9TH-15TH CENTURIES)Annalistic Records from al-Andalus (10th-11th Centuries)A Fragmentary Middle Eastern Echo (12th-l4th Centuries)Andalusian and Maghrebian Efforts at Synthesis (13th-l4th Centuries)Aragon’s Contribution to Middle Eastern Reception (13th-15th Centuries)A NEW GEOPOLITICAL CONSTELLATIONA Re-evaluation of Arabic-Islamic Records on Latin-Christian EuropeTHE RECORDS’ ORIGINS: A SCHOLARLY MILIEUMENTAL BARRIERS AND THE ROLE OF RELIGIOUS IDEOLOGYVARIABLES OF TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTIONTHE DYNAMICS OF RECORD-KEEPINGESSAY IN COMPARATIVE ANALYSISUNITY AND DIVERSITY OF THE LATIN-CHRISTIAN SPHEREBibliography

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