Sleep at home
Night shift workers report a lower quality and quantity of sleep than other shift workers. the sleep problems that more commonly occur for night shift workers include difficulty falling asleep, disturbed sleep and spontaneous early awakenings. Evidence suggests that night shift workers may obtain up to 25% less sleep during their main sleep period than they do when working during the day. unless you live alone, another obvious problem with sleeping at home during the day is that other family members or flatmates, and the majority of the world, are not on night shift, and therefore sleep may be disrupted. Measures should be taken to ensure good sleep hygiene (see the fatigue countermeasures section).
Family and social support
One of the main difficulties with shift work is the lack of social contact with family and friends when working evening, night or weekend shifts. Knauth and hornberger (2003) recommend using a family planning calendar so that everyone is aware of the plans of other family members, hold family meetings, create time for being alone with your partner, and meeting other shift worker families.