- • Non-technical skills are typically assessed using ratings of behaviour during task performance (actual task or in a simulator). This assessment should complement the evaluation of technical skills.
- • Behavioural rating systems need to be developed carefully for a particular occupation and task set.
- • A number of behavioural rating systems have been designed for safety- critical occupations, in aviation, transportation, the energy industry and acute medicine.
- • Raters need to be properly trained and qualified to make assessments of nontechnical skills, especially if these are for summative or jeopardy evaluation.
Ants (anaesthetists’ non-technical skills) www.abdn.ac.uk/iprc/ants notSS (non-technical skills for surgeons (NOTSS) www.abdn.ac.uk/iprc/notss University of Aberdeen Industrial Psychology Research Centre www.abdn.ac.uk/iprc European Aviation Safety Agency www.easa.eu.int Facilitation Skills Assessment Tool (FSAT) www.ypsilonassociates.com Line Operations Safety Audit (LOSA) University of Texas Human Factors Aerospace Group www.psy.utexas.edu/psy/helmreich/nasaut.htm Observational Teamwork Assessment for Surgery (OTAS) Imperial College, London www.csru.org.uk
UK Civil Aviation Authority www.caa.co.uk US Federal Aviation Administration www.faa.gov