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Home arrow Political science arrow From Hunger to Malnutrition: The Political Economy of Scientific Knowledge in Europe, 1918-1960


Food, Famine and Relief in Wartime

The high hopes on the science of nutrition as the nucleus of social change collapsed under the exceptional economic crisis that hit Europe in the 1930s, the destabilising effects of millions of refugees in Greece, the spread of malnutrition in rural areas, as well as the devastating effects of the Spanish Civil War and World War II. All of these events caused the living conditions of many European citizens to deteriorate, and major concerns grew among national and international organisations regarding food availability and the negative influence of nutritional impairment on the health standards of the population.[1] In the case of Spain, the benefits produced by the social and sanitary reforms introduced by the republican government since 1931 were jeopardised by the 1936 fascist military coup d’etat.[2]

  • [1] Biraud, M., “Health in Europe. A Survey of the Epidemic and Nutritional Situation”,League of Nations Bulletin of the Health Organisation, Vol. 10, 1943-1944, pp. 557699; Barona, 2007b.
  • [2] Barona, 2006c; Barona, 2007b.
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