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  • 1. In addition, two other students were studying and living in the USA before coming to Japan, and they would return to the USA after their current stints in Japan, but one of them was interested in working in Japan at a later stage. Another exchange student would return to China after the end of the exchange programme, but intended to study in Japan at postgraduate level. There was also a visiting scholar who was scheduled to return to China after the end of the prescribed period of visit.
  • 2. Otonashii is often translated as 'calm', 'well-behaved' or 'quiet'. The informant appeared to see it as mature rather than submissive. Otonashikunai is the opposite of otonashii.
  • 3. The literal translation of kuuki yomeru, which actually means being appreciative and aware of the atmosphere.


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