- 1. In addition, two other students were studying and living in the USA before coming to Japan, and they would return to the USA after their current stints in Japan, but one of them was interested in working in Japan at a later stage. Another exchange student would return to China after the end of the exchange programme, but intended to study in Japan at postgraduate level. There was also a visiting scholar who was scheduled to return to China after the end of the prescribed period of visit.
- 2. Otonashii is often translated as 'calm', 'well-behaved' or 'quiet'. The informant appeared to see it as mature rather than submissive. Otonashikunai is the opposite of otonashii.
- 3. The literal translation of kuuki yomeru, which actually means being appreciative and aware of the atmosphere.
Alberts, H.C. & Hazen, H.D. (2005). 'There are always two voices ... ': international students' intentions to stay in the United States or return to their home countries. International Migration 43(3), 131-152.
Barabantseva, E. (2005). Trans-nationalising Chineseness: overseas Chinese policies of the PRC's Central Government. ASIEN: The German Journal on Contemporary Asia 96, 7-28.
Beck, U. (2000). The cosmopolitan perspective: sociology of the second age of modernity. British Journal of Sociology 51(1), 79-105.
Cao, C. (2008). China's brain drain at the high end. Asian Population Studies 4(3), 331-345.
Cheng, X. (1999a). Liuxuesheng de zhiliu yu zhongguo zhengfu de duice Щ Ф ИЙЖЙАЖ (Chinese students remaining abroad and the response of the Chinese government). Huaqiao huaren lishi yanjiu ФШФAAAWA (Overseas Chinese History Studies) 1999(2), 63-76.
-. (1999b). Gaige kaifang yilai zhongguo zhengfu xuanpai liuxuesheng de zhengce
yange ААЖЖйАФ (Chinese government policy of
selecting students for overseas study since reform and opening). Huaqiao huaren lishi yanjiu AAAAAAWA (Overseas Chinese History Studies) 1999(1), 37-44.
- --. (1999c). Wenhua shiying yu zhongguo liuxuesheng zai haiwai de zhiliu A
- (Cultural adaptation and Chinese students remaining abroad). Overseas Chinese History of Bagui (ЛЖАА) 1999(1), 1-8.
China Scholars Abroad (2001). Guanyu guli haiwai liuxue renyuan yi duozhong xingshi weiguo fuwu de ruogan yijian АЖЖЙ^ЖШААдйАЙЖААИЖАЙ AAsA(A Number of Opinions on Encouraging Overseas Students to Provide China with Many Different Forms of Service). Shenzhou xueren #JNAA (China Scholars Abroad) 2001(10), 48-49.
Cockain, A. (2012). Young Chinese in Urban China. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Hannerz, U. (1990). Cosmopolitans and locals in world culture. Theory, Culture & Society 7(2), 237-251.
Hazen, H.D. & Alberts, H.C. (2006). Visitors or immigrants? International students in the United States. Population, Space and Place 12(3), 201-216.
Hoffman, L. (2006). Autonomous choices and patriotic professionalism: on governmentality in late-socialist China. Economy and Society 35(4), 550-570.
Japan Student Services Organization (2004). Ryuugakusei ukeire no gaikyou (Heisei 16 nen han) IHAASAЛ^ЖЖ(ЖЖ16 АЖ) (International Students in Japan 2004). Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/ documents/data04.pdf.
--. (2005). Ryuugakusei ukeire no gaikyou (Heisei 17 nen han)
ЖЖ(АА17 АШ) (International Students in Japan 2005). Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/data05.html.
--. (2006). Ryuugakusei ukeire no gaikyou (Heisei 18 nen han)
ЖЖ(АА18 АШ) (International Students in Japan 2006). Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/documents/data06.pdf.
--. (2007). Heisei 19 nendo gaikokujin ryuugakusei zaiseki joukyou chousa kekka
АШ9АЙАИАШ^ААШШЯШ^йЖ (International Students in Japan
- 2007) . Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/docu- ments/data07.pdf.
- --. (2008). Heisei 20 nendo gaikokujin ryuugakusei zaiseki joukyou chousa kekka
АА20АЙАИАШ^ААШШЯШ^йЖ (International Students in Japan
- 2008) . Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/docu- ments/data08.pdf.
- --. (2009). Heisei 21 nendo gaikokujin ryuugakusei zaiseki joukyou chousa kekka
АА21АЙАИАШ^ААШШЯШ^йЖ (International Students in Japan
- 2009) . Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/docu- ments/data09.pdf.
- --. (2010). Heisei 22 nendo gaikokujin ryuugakusei zaiseki joukyou chousa kekka
АА22А,8АИАШ^ААШШЯШ^йЖ (International Students in Japan
- 2010) . Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/docu- ments/data10.pdf.
- --. (2012). Heisei 23 nendo gaikokujin ryuugakusei zaiseki joukyou chousa kekka
АА23АЙАИАШ^ААШШЯШ^йЖ (International Students in Japan
- 2011) . Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/docu- ments/data11.pdf.
- --. (2013). Heisei 24 nendo gaikokujin ryuugakusei zaiseki joukyou chousa kekka
АА24А,8АИАШ^ААШШЯШ^йЖ (International Students in Japan
2012) . Retrieved from http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/docu- ments/data12.pdf, accessed 23/3/2013.
Le Bail, H. (2005). The new Chinese immigration to Japan. China Perspectives 61, 2-17.
Le Bail, H. & Shen, W. (2008). The return of the 'Brains' to China: what are the social, economic, and political impacts? Asie Visions 11, 1-31.
Liu-Farrer, G. (2009). Educationally channeled international labor mobility: contemporary student migration from China to Japan. International Migration Review 43(1), 178-204.
--. (2011a). Labour Migration from China to Japan: International Students,
Transnational Migrants. New York: Routledge.
--. (2011b). Making careers in the occupational niche: Chinese students in
corporate Japan's transnational business. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37(5), 785-803.
Liu, F. (2011). Urban Youth in China: Modernity, the Internet and the Self. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Liu, H. (2005). New migrants and the revival of overseas Chinese nationalism.
Journal of Contemporary China 14(43), 291-316.
Mosneaga, A. & Winther, L. (2013). Emerging talents? International students before and after their career start in Denmark. Population, Space and Place 19(2), 181-195.
Nyiri, P. (2001). Expatriating is patriotic? The discourse on 'new migrants' in the People's Republic of China and identity construction among recent migrants from the PRC. Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies 27(4), 635-653.
Ong, A. (1999). Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2012). Education at a Glance 2012: OECD indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Rizvi, F. (2009). Towards cosmopolitan learning. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 30(3), 253-268.
Rosen, S. (2009). Contemporary Chinese youth and the state. The Journal of Asian Studies 68(02), 359-369.
Third Plenary Session of the Fourteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1993). Zhonggong zhongyangguanyu jianli shehui zhuyi shichang jingji tizhi ruogan wenti de jueding
(Decisions on problems with establishing a socialist market economy). Retrieved from http://big5.china.com.cn/chinese/archive/131747.htm.
Wang, G. (2000). The Chinese Overseas: From Earthbound China to the Quest for Autonomy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Xiang, B. (2003). Emigration from China: a sending country perspective. International Migration 41(3), 21-48.
Yan, Y. (2010). The Chinese path to individualization. The British Journal of Sociology 61(3), 489-512.
Zhuang, G. (2013). China's policies on Chinese overseas: past and present. In Tan, C.B. (Ed.). Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora (pp. 31-41). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Zweig, D., Chung, S.F. & Vanhonacker, W. (2006). Rewards of technology: explaining China's reverse migration. Journal of International Migration and Integration 7(4), 449-471.