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  • 1. People who became Pagan during its emergence into American culture in the 1960s and 1970s have raised their children in and around their Pagan religion (Kermani 2013). Using data collected 15 years apart, Berger (2012) states that there is an increase in the percentage of Pagans sharing their spiritual path with a romantic partner and raising their children within their Pagan faith. These authors raise the question as to how second- and third-generations raised Heathen, within originally elective but now familial groups, will affect “tribalism.”
  • 2. Paxson (2006: 162-3) writes: “This term, which was popularized in the 1970s by the Asatru Free Assembly, has become the most commonly used term for the heathen equivalent of a coven.”
  • 3. “Sidu” is the Anglo-Saxon word for “custom,” and “thew” is the Anglo-Saxon word “^eaw” or “tradition.” Both words are increasingly used by Heathen groups to label their own constructed tribal norms and values.


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