- 1. People who became Pagan during its emergence into American culture in the 1960s and 1970s have raised their children in and around their Pagan religion (Kermani 2013). Using data collected 15 years apart, Berger (2012) states that there is an increase in the percentage of Pagans sharing their spiritual path with a romantic partner and raising their children within their Pagan faith. These authors raise the question as to how second- and third-generations raised Heathen, within originally elective but now familial groups, will affect “tribalism.”
- 2. Paxson (2006: 162-3) writes: “This term, which was popularized in the 1970s by the Asatru Free Assembly, has become the most commonly used term for the heathen equivalent of a coven.”
- 3. “Sidu” is the Anglo-Saxon word for “custom,” and “thew” is the Anglo-Saxon word “^eaw” or “tradition.” Both words are increasingly used by Heathen groups to label their own constructed tribal norms and values.
Adefarakan, T. (2011). (Re)Conceptualizing ‘Indigenous’ from anti-colonial and black feminist theoretical perspectives: Living and imagining indigeneity differently. Counterpoints, 379, 34-52.
Appiah, K. A. (2006). Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a world of strangers. New York: W.W. Norton.
Barber, B. R. (1995). Jihad vs. McWorld: Terrorism’s challenge to democracy. New York, NY: Ballantine Books.
Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid modernity. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Beck, U. (2003). Rooted cosmopolitanism: Emerging from a rivalry of distinctions. In U. Beck, N. Sznaider, & R. Winter (Eds.), Global America? The cultural consequences of globalization (pp. 15-29). Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
Berger, H. A. (2012). Contemporary Paganism: Fifteen years later. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review, 3(1), 3-16.
Bonilla-Silva, E. (2003). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in the United States. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.
Braidotti, R., Hanifin, P., & Blaagaard, B. (Eds.). (2013). After cosmopolitanism. New York: Routledge.
Calhoun, C. (2003). The elusive cosmopolitan ideal. Berkeley Journal of Sociology, 47, 3-26.
Campisi, J. (1982). The Iroquois and the Euro-American concept of tribe. New York History, 63(2), 165-182.
Dalton, H. (2002). Failing to see. In P. S. Rothenberg (Ed.), White privilege: Essential readings on the other side of racism (pp. 14-18). New York: Worth Publishers.
Dyer, R. (2002). The matter of whiteness. In P. S. Rothenberg (Ed.), White privilege: Essential readings on the other side of racism (pp. 9-14). New York: Worth Publishers.
Gaia, M. (2014). Three Asatru perspectives: Universalism, folkism and tribalism. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from http://metal-gaia.com/2014/01/20/ three-asatru-perspectives-universalism-folkism-and-tribalism
Gans, H. J. (1979). Symbolic ethnicity: The future of ethnic groups and cultures in America. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 2(1), 1-20.
Gardell, M. (2003). Gods of the blood: The Pagan revival and white separatism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Glad, A. (2015). My approach to heathennry. An Asatru blog, July 19, 2015. Retrieved August 15,2015, from http://www.asatrublog.com/2015/07/19/ my-approach-to-heathenry/
Handelman, D. (1998). Models and mirrors: Towards an anthropology of public events. New York: Berghahn.
Jacobson, M. F. (2006). Roots too: White ethnic revival in post-civil rights America.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kermani, S. Z. (2013). Pagan family values: Childhood and the religious imagination in contemporary American Paganism. New York: New York University Press.
Klovekorn, H. A. (2013). Asatru: The great Nordic indigenous religion of Europe.
Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Lucas, P. C. (2007). Constructing identity with dreamstones: Megalithic sites and contemporary nature spirituality. Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent R.eligions, 11(1), 31-60.
Maffesoli, M. (1996). The time of the tribes: The decline of individualism in mass society. London: Sage Publications.
McNallen, S. (2000). Wotan vs. Tezcatlipoca: The spiritual war for California and the Southwest. Asatru Folk Assembly Blog, Retrieved August 27, 2015, from http://asatrufolkassembly.org/articles-essays/#wotan-vs-tezcatlipoca-the-spiritual- war-for-california-and-the-southwest
McNallen, S. (2013a). The difference between Asatru and modern ‘Paganism.’ Asatru Folk Assembly Blog, 13 August 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from http://www.asatrufolkassemblyblog.org/2014/08/the-difference-between- asatru-and.html
McNallen, S. (2013b). Folkish: What does it mean? Asatru Folk Assembly Blog,
I July 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from http://www.asatrufolkassem- blyblog.org/2013/07/folkish-what-does-it-mean.html
McNallen, S. (2013c). The heart is ancestral and tribal. Asatru Folk Assembly Blog,
II September 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from http://www.asatrufol- kassemblyblog.org/2013/09/the-heart-is-ancestral-and-tribal.html
McNallen, S. (2014a). An Asatru viewpoint—no more ‘Mutts’! Asatru Folk Assembly Blog, 30 May 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2015, from http://www.asatrufolkas- semblyblog.org/2014/05/an-asatru-viewpoint-no-more-mutts.html McNallen, S. (2014b). Your ancestors matter! Asatru Folk Assembly Blog, 20 May
2014. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from http://www.asatrufolkassemblyblog. org/2014_05_01_archive.html
McNallen, S. (2015a). Asatru: A native European spirituality. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Self-Published via runestone press.
McNallen, S. (2015b). Growth in Asatru. Asatru Folk Assembly Blog, 16 January
2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015, from http://www.asatrufolkassemblyblog. org/2015/01/growth-in-asatru.html
Melucci, A. (1989). In J. Keane & P. Mier (Eds.), Nomads of the present: Social movements and individual needs in contemporary society. New York: Vintage. Niezen, R. (2005). Digital identity: The construction of virtual selfhood in the indigenous peoples’ movement. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 47(3), 532-551.
Paxson, D. L. (2006). Essential Asatru: Walking the path of Norse Paganism. New York, NY: Kensington Publishing.
Puryear, M. (2006). The nature of Asatru: An overview of the ideals and philosophy of the indigenous religion of Northern Europe. New York: iUniverse.
Razack, S., & Fellows, M. L. (1998). The race to innocence: Confronting hierarchical relations among women. Journal of Gender, Race and Justice, 1, 335-352.
Riley, S. C. E., Griffin, C., & Morey, Y. (2010). The case for ‘Everyday Politics’: Evaluating neo-tribal theory as a way to understand alternative forms of political participation, using electronic dance music culture as an example. Sociology, 44(2), 345-363.
Saito, H. (2011). An actor-network theory of cosmopolitanism. Sociological Theory, 29(2), 124-149.
Seigfried, K. (2013). Worldwide Heathen census 2013: Results and analysis. Norse mythology blog, 6 January 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2015, from http://www. norsemyth.org/2014/01/worldwide-heathen-census-2013-results.html
Skallagrimsson, W. (n.d.). Universalism is not Heathenry. Uppsala online. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from http://www.uppsalaonline.com/universalism.htm
Skrbis, Z., & Woodward, I. (2007). The ambivalence of ordinary cosmopolitanism: Investigating the limits of cosmopolitan openness. Sociological Review, 55, 740-747.
Smith, L. T. (2012). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. London: Zed Books.
Snook, J. (2013). Reconsidering Heathenry: The construction of an ethnic folkway as religio-ethnic identity. Nova R.eligio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, 16(3), 52-76.
Snook, J. (2015). American Heathens: The politics of identity in a Pagan religious movement. Philadelpha, PA: Temple University Press.
St. John, G. (2001). Australian (alter)natives: Cultural drama and indigeneity. Social Analysis: The International Journal of Social and Cultural Practice, 45(1), 122-140.
Stinson, M. L. (2013). Nine worthy steps to advance Heathenry. Kansas city Heathen, 30 September 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from http://hea- thenfolk.blogspot.com/2013/09/nine-worthy-steps-to-advance-heathenry. html
Sunna. (2015). Facebook message with Author J. Snook, August 10, 2015.
Wodening, S. (2011). A case for tribalism. Heathen future, 13 November 2011. Retrieved August 27, 2015, from https://heathenfuture.wordpress.com/ 2011/11/13/a-case-for-tribalism-wodening
Wodening, S. (n.d.). On tribalism. Gamall stein, Retrieved August 15, 2015, from http://gamall-steinn.org/special/sw-tribalism.htm
Xaxa, V. (2005). Politics of language, religion, and identity: Tribes in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 40(13), 1363-1370.