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1. Considering the politically sensitive nature of the issues discussed in this chapter, all names (except those of the major leaders, who are known public figures and openly express their views through publications and public speeches) have been changed. All translations from Ukrainian and Russian are the author’s.

  • 2. Sociologist and anthropologist Meredith McGuire (2008) calls attention to a similar understanding of religion.
  • 3. For example, see Marples (n.d.) for a detailed chronicle of the Maidan from November 2013 to February 2014. The chronicle is part of the larger forum devoted to the study of the protests in Ukraine developed by Canadian and Ukrainian scholars.
  • 4. A special initiative called “ Struggle Against Fake Information About Events in Ukraine” was undertaken by students and alumni of Ukraine-based Mohyla School of Journalism and of the Digital Future of Journalism program in March 2014. The initiative’s mandate is to refute distorted information about Ukraine, including that produced by Ukrainian and Russian state- controlled media. Numerous examples of this initiative can be seen at their website
  • 5. For more detailed overviews of the history of Ukrainian and other Eastern European Paganisms and their sources, see Shnirelman (2001, 2002: 197-211); Ivakhiv (2005a: 7-38, 2005b: 209-40); and Lesiv (2013: 26-62).
  • 6. Trypillian culture is a Neolithic-Eneolithic culture uncovered by archaeology whose area included substantial parts of present-day Ukraine.
  • 7. I was born, raised and received part of my post-secondary education in Ukraine. I belong to the same generation as Kurovskyi and other Ancestral Fire leaders. This idea is largely informed by my own observations and experiences of living in the Soviet Union and witnessing its collapse.
  • 8. This idea is likely shaped by Boris Rybakov (1981: 20-25), a Soviet Russian historian and archaeologist known for his research on old Slavs and anti-Normanist interpretations of their history who hypothesized that Rod was the supreme god in the old Slavic pantheon.
  • 9. I thank Kaarina Aitamurto for pointing this out to me.
  • 10. Volodymyr and Lada were recently divorced, and this has reflected negatively on some of the activities of Ancestral Fire, especially their formerly popular workshops on successful family building (Rodoslava, 4 July 2015).
  • 11. See, for example, Kurovska and Kurovskyi (2008) and Kurovskaia and Kurovskii (2007, 2008).
  • 12. The conflict is discussed in a 2007 Pagan Internet forum “Украша—наша Батьювщина: Форум для патрюАв Украши” [Ukraine is our Fatherland: Forum for the Patriots of Ukraine], Accessed 15 July 2012. This webpage is now inactive.
  • 13. The Television News Service (TSN) of the Ukrainian 1 + 1 channel is perhaps the most popular source of news for people of Lelia’s generation. The TSN pays special attention to international politics regarding Ukraine. See, for example, its report about the G20 Summit in Australia in November 2014, when Canada’s Prime Minister Stephen Harper blatantly told Vladimir Putin to “get out of Ukraine.” (Retrieved 31 August 1015 from svit/prem-yer-kanadi-osheleshiv-putina-v-lob-zabiraytesya-z- ukrayini-391881.html).
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