1. By Wiccanate Paganism I mean the much wider Pagan community who, while not Wiccan initiates, largely follow the cosmology, theology and ritual praxis developed by Wiccans. Wiccanate Paganism may be contrasted with various forms of Pagan Reconstructionism, such as Kemetism (contemporary Egyptian Paganism), Hellenic Reconstructionism and Asatru.
2. Influenced by Nietzsche’s early usage of the Greek myths and Dionysian paeans, Tchernichovsky aimed at finding in Judaism parallels for the Greek heroes. This Nietzschean influence is most clearly represented in his 1899 poem, “Facing Apollo’s Statue” (Ohana 2012: 41). Tchernichovsky also translated the Epic of Gilgamesh into Hebrew.
3. The larger research project is intended to result in the first book- length study of contemporary Paganism in Israel.
4. A lengthier description of the IPC’s development can be found in Feraro (2014).
5. Part of the Wiccan Wheel of the Year, Mabon, the Autumn Equinox, is celebrated in late September. Hutton (2008) provides an analysis of the shaping of modern Pagan seasonal festivals.
6. The majority of modern Pagans globally are not active in organized groups but work as solitaries, who may join with other Pagans only occasionally, particularly at Pagan summer festivals (Clifton 2006: 11, 12, 164).
7. Dawson maintains a website (http://canaanitepath.com) and a personal blog (http://tessdawson.blogspot.co.il). In recent years, she has published two books on Natib Qadish, and edited an anthology on wider forms of Canaanite Reconstructionism (Dawson 2009, 2011, 2013).
8. Seehttp: // tessdawson.blogspot.co.il/ 2012/10/shanatu-qadishti- natib-qadish-sacred.html, accessed 28 June 2015.
9. All quotations from Raz in this chapter have been transcribed and extracted from my interview with him on 28 October 2013.
10. All quotations from Emily in this chapter have been transcribed and extracted from my interview with her on 5 November 2013.
11. The Reclaiming tradition was developed by the feminist Witch, Starhawk. It is deeply influenced by radical feminism and carries distinct elements of political and social activism. For a detailed study on Reclaiming Witches, see Salomonsen (2002).
12. A siddur is a canonized Jewish prayer book containing a set order of daily prayers.
13. The Midianites were a people mentioned in the Bible, generally thought to have lived in the northwest Arabian Peninsula, on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba on the Red Sea.
14. See https://canaanishere.wordpress.com/more_info, accessed 28 June 2015.
17. Tu BiShvat is a Jewish holiday occurring on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Shevat. It is also referred to as the “New Year of the Trees.” In contemporary Israel, the day is celebrated as an ecological awareness day, and trees are planted in celebration.
18. A shofar is a musical instrument of ancient origin, made of a horn (traditionally a ram’s) and used during certain Jewish religious rites.
19. This magazine is free and has no print version. It started as the house newsletter of a local Pagan shop and then grew.
20. “Morning Star” has long been the Internet nickname of that individual, and “Myrtle” is the English translation of the other’s Hebrew name.
21. For information on ancient Mesopotamian customs of dressing and decorating the statues or representatives of the gods, see Finkel and Geller (1997).
22. This is the original Phoenician form of the Latinized Hasdrubal, and was the name of a King and of several Carthaginian generals from the period of the Punic Wars.
23. See https://canaanishere.wordpress.com/new_songs, accessed 28 June 2015.
24. See https://canaanishere.wordpress.com/prayers, accessed 28 June 2015.
25. Translated from https://canaanishere.wordpress.com/about, accessed 28 June 2015.
26. Translated from https://canaanishere.wordpress.com/2013/05/ 12/%D7%A9%D7%9C%D7%95%D7%9D, accessed 28 June 2015.
27. As Kathryn Rountree noted more than ten years ago, “It is a paradox that while they frequently claim that they have no ‘sacred book’ (like the Bible) which sets out their doctrine and provides a guide for living, ... witches probably read more on the subject of their spirituality than the members of any other religious group” (Rountree 2004: 41).
28. I have previously noted the importance attributed by IPC members to holding their own annual festivals without “importing” workshops by notable overseas Pagan teachers as a symbol of the community’s maturing and independence (Feraro 2014: 67).
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