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This book is designed for students who are beginning their study of individual counseling and psychotherapy. It presents a comprehensive overview of each of the following theories: psychoanalytic, Jungian, Adlerian, existential, person-centered, Gestalt, cognitive- behavioral, dialectical behavior, rational emotive behavior, reality therapy/choice, family, feminist, transpersonal, and integrative. Each theory is addressed from the perspective of background, human nature, major constructs, applications (which includes a discussion of the goals of counseling and psychotherapy, the process of change, traditional intervention strategies, brief intervention strategies, clients with serious mental health issues, and cross- cultural considerations), evaluation (which evaluates both the supporting research and the limitations of the theory), a summary chart, and a case study consistent with the theoretical model under discussion.

We know that one text cannot adequately address all the factors connected with a given theory; entire texts have been written discussing each of the theories in this book. We have, however, attempted to provide readers with a consistent approach to analyzing and studying each theory and have included examples of how to apply the theory to a case study.

The format for this text is based on the contributions of the coeditors, who conceptualized the content and wrote the first chapter, as well as the contributions of 18 authors selected for their expertise in various theories. Each chapter contains theoretical and applied content. The book is divided into three parts.

Part 1, Foundations for Individual Counseling and Psychotherapy (Chapters 1 and 2), begins by offering general information about the helping relationship and individual counseling as well as information on brief approaches to counseling and psychotherapy. This introductory information is followed by a chapter titled "Diversity and Social Justice Issues in Counseling and Psychotherapy," which sets the stage for developing awareness of the limitations of traditional Western theories and subsequent cross-cultural discussions in each of the theory chapters.

Part 2, Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy (Chapters 3 through 15), presents information on the 13 theories selected for inclusion in this portion of the text: psychoanalytic theory, Jungian analytical theory, Adlerian theory, existential theory, person-centered theory, Gestalt theory, cognitive-behavioral theories, dialectical behavior theory, rational emotive behavior theory, reality therapy/choice theory, family theory, feminist theory, and transpersonal theory. Each of these chapters presents the theory and then applies the theory to the case study of Maria.

Part 3, Integrative Approaches (Chapter 16), is focused on the use of expressive arts, narrative approaches, and symbolism within the context of any given theory if the counselor or therapist so chooses.

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