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Home arrow History arrow The Last Ottoman Generation and the Making of the Modern Middle East

The Theory and Practice of Colonialism in the Post-Ottoman Middle East

Events in the Formation of the Colonial Middle East

May 1916 British and French diplomats Mark Sykes and

Francis Georges Picot meet in Paris to negotiate partition of the Ottoman realms October 30, 1918 Armistice of Mudros (Ottoman)

November 3, 1918 Armistice of Villa Giusti (Austro Hungarian)

November 11, 1918 Armistice of Compiegne (German)

December 1918 Clemenceau visits Lloyd George in London; they

agree on Ottoman partition

January April 1919 Paris Peace Conference formally ends the

war; proposes League of Nations, and Mandates February 1919 British evacuate Cilicia in advance of

French occupation

June August 1919 King Crane Commission and report (suppressed) February 1920 London Conference (UK, France, and Italy secretly

prepare for San Remo)

April 1920 San Remo Conference proposes and formally

apportions ‘A’ mandates between Britain and France August 1920 Treaty of Sevres (formalized at San Remo

Conference) maps out full partition of the Ottoman realms

March 1921 Colonial Secretary Churchill’s Cairo Conference

resolves to appoint Faysal and cAbdallah King and Prince of Iraq and Transjordan

April 1921 Prince cAbdallah b. Husayn of Transjordan

August 1921 King Faysal b. Husayn of Iraq

October 1921 First League of Nation Permanent Mandates

Commission meeting

October 1922 July Treaty of Lausanne renegotiated terms of Ottoman 1923 surrender and signaled the emergence of the Turkish

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