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The End of the Syrian Revolt

In April the colonial army marched on Hawran, and a week later the Damascus quarter of Maydan was destroyed by a 22-hour artillery bombardment. By July 1926, the leading insurgents had all been sentenced to death in absentia, and the French army made clear the intention to accept nothing less than complete victory and surrender. Rebel bands led by Fawzi al-Qawuqji, Sacid al-cAs, and others continued to enter the city and occasionally fire upon French forces. Insurgents attacked convoys and fired on armored vehicles outside Damascus. Telephone lines were cut and trains were attacked, and in late August rebels attacked and captured a convoy of provisions and ammunition near Damascus. French soldiers continued to be killed by snipers and attacks on isolated outposts. Two small bands, one led by Sultan al- Atrash, and one made up of ex-Ottoman soldiers, remained active until mid 1927, when the survivors scattered into exile.

In August 1926, public notices printed in the newspapers boasted of French victories. General Andrea reported that he had toured a number of Hawran villages accompanied by three battalions of approximately 1,500 soldiers. The notices claimed that everywhere notables and ordinary villagers had welcomed him and sworn their sincere fidelity to France. He awarded medals to colonial soldiers in public ceremonies, and collected submissions of eight machine guns, seven mounted guns, 2,935 rifles, and 3,175 Ottoman gold pounds.85

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