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One limitation of feminist counseling is that it is not as clearly defined as some of the more traditional theories. It has been argued that feminist counseling is not so much a theory as it is a philosophy or belief system about the importance of gender (Rampage, 1998) and that it is better defined as politics than as counseling. Because feminist counseling practitioners are diverse, reaching consensus on its scope and definition will be a challenging task.

It is difficult to obtain adequate training in feminist counseling. There are few feminist counseling training programs per se, although many counselor education programs have faculty members who contribute feminist principles and practices to the training of prospective counselors (Rave & Larsen, 1995). There is no official Credentialing of feminist counselors.

The erroneous perception continues to exist that feminist counseling is conducted only by women and for women. This may discourage male clients from seeking counseling services from counselors who identify themselves as feminist practitioners. The historical association of feminism with some of the more radical elements of the women's movement may discourage some prospective clients, both female and male, from entering into counseling relationships with feminist counselors.

A major challenge will be to build alliances between feminist therapy, multicultural counseling, and social justice counseling, which have remained mostly separate and disconnected movements (Reynolds & Constantine, 2004). Historically, feminist counseling has been criticized for its lack of attention to sociocultural factors other than gender. Over the past decade, feminist theorists increasingly have called for an integration of the feminist, multicultural, and social justice approaches to counseling (Crethar et al., 2008). Equally important to the future of feminist counseling will be the ability of its theorists, scholars, and practitioners to more clearly articulate its definition, make training more widely available, correct mistaken perceptions, and demonstrate its effectiveness through research.

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