A Short Description of the Community
Situated 10 kilometres away from the bank of the Danube, Seaca is a commune in which agriculture is the most important economic sector.10 Even people with formal employment outside the household depend on what they produce on their own: grains, vegetables, poultry and livestock. As such, in every household one can find a vegetable garden and almost every family owns a piece of land immediately outside the village, on which various grains are cultivated every year.
In 2012, Seaca had 2538 inhabitants living in 1086 households, and about 500 people living and working abroad. Fifty percent of the population is Roma and 50 % Romanian, approximately 30 % Adventists11 and 70 % Orthodox. Unlike the Adventists, who are all Romanians, the Orthodox population comprises both Roma and Romanians. While most of the current Roma population began settling in the community at the beginning of the 1980s, attracted by the potential employment opportunities brought by the plans to build a hydroelectric plant on the Danube,12 the Adventists are perceived as being a continuous presence in the community, spanning multiple successive generations.13 Social relations are built upon these criteria not in terms of blunt exclusion but mostly when it comes to the way identities are constructed in talk-in-interaction: local Roma are thought of as being docile and hardworking, unlike fellow ethnics from different regions of the country, and Adventists are seen as examples of worthiness and pious lives.