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For Marko Pogacnik (8) Vaclav Havel's overall perspective has to be considered in the context of a Central Europe that has an integrating, as well as Havel's centring, role in Europe. Marko perceives the central part of the European continent as a macrolandscape that can roughly be marked by the position of four distinct European cities, Prague in the east, Frankfurt in the north, Bern in the west and Zagreb in the south.

Looking at Europe as a geographical body then, Pogacnik identifies its "backbone" as an axis extending from Crete in the Mediterranean towards Iceland in the very north of the Atlantic. Around this axis the multidimensional body of Europe evolves. Crete together with the Aegean and Greece represent the region of grounding, where the vital roots of the European organism reach deep down into the inner dimensions of the planet deriving from there the archetypal powers needed to fuel the life of the continent.

Iceland at the other end of the axis he experiences as the "crown" of Europe. Since the continental plates there are drifting apart a vast opening appears. This on the one hand represents the geological phenomena of volcanoes, geysers and so forth and on the other hand functions as a transparent membrane through which the body of Europe is nourished with cosmic energies originating in the vastness of the universe. In this sense Crete can be compared with the coccyx of the human backbone and Iceland with the crown of the head.

The Integrating Role of the European Centre

Figure 11.1 The Integrating Role of the European Centre


For Marko Pogacnik, moreover, the vast field of energy and consciousness in the centre of Europe, prior to the fall of the Berlin Wall, was ruthlessly divided into two separate parts by what is called the "Iron Curtain". This harsh division has suppressed the role of the Centre, or what he terms the "solar plexus" of Europe as the ethical-moral core from which the other four parts of Europe derive their identity and the vital impulses for their holistic function. In terms identified with Slovenia's Integral Green Economy (see Chapter 12), the role of Central Europe would be indeed the role of the centre (see Figure 11.1).


In the final analysis then, Marko Pogacnik sees in the work of Central Europeans such as Rudolph Steiner (Austrian), Vaclav Havel (Czech) and the late president of Slovenia Janez Drnovsek a profound attempt to re-establish the ethical-moral core of Europe. Through such there is a need to transform the inauthentic patterns projected upon Europe during the last century of wars that devastated, most of all, the Central European countries with the "Iron Curtain" ultimately cutting apart the ethical core of Europe.

As a result the rational and material aspects of European culture became predominant over the course of the last two centuries which ultimately affected all other parts of the globe. The intuitive and emotional qualities of the authentic "East", with their feminine potential, were perceived as secondary, mainly belonging to the private sphere of personal interest, and thereby collectively overcome by a masculine form of dialectical materialism (that is Eastern communism). Even worse, the spiritual dimensions of life, which are basic for the integrated European experience, have been reduced to established religions, for Marko Pogacnik, thereby detracting from inherent life processes including those of politics and economics, technology and communications, to which we now turn.

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