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Clean Air Act and the Economy
There is a requirement in the Clean Air Act Amendment of 1990 that the EPA periodically determines the effect of the law on public health, the economy, and the environment of the United States. The broad response is that the Clean Air Act has helped build the economy and create jobs while reducing pollution to protect the health of citizens and the environment.
Retrospective Study, 1970-1990
Following the requirements of the new law, a retrospective study entitled The Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act, 1972 to 1990, was sent from the EPA to Congress on October 15, 1997.
A brief summary of the results of the study indicated that from 1970 to 1990:
Despite an estimated cost over the 20-year period of $523 billion measured in the value of the dollar in 1990, the total benefits from a monetary standpoint were over $2 trillion. The Clean Air Act, from a monetary, health, and environmental point of view, to that point, was extremely successful. (See endnote 38.)
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