FACTORS LEADING TO IMPAIRMENT AND BEST PRACTICES FOR EMERGENCY ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS
(See Chapter 5, “Environmental Health Emergencies, Disasters, and Terrorism”)
Floods, Tornadoes, and Hurricanes
Children have additional problems in the aftermath of floods, tornadoes, and hurricanes. Children are typically more vulnerable to chemicals and/or microorganisms because of children’s behavioral traits and physiology. Potential hazards to children after floods, tornadoes, and hurricanes increase substantially. Some of these hazards include contaminated food; a sharp increase in mold in carpets, drywall, and other porous areas; carbon monoxide from poorly vented emergency energy sources or damaged energy sources; contaminated drinking water; disrupted sewage systems; solid waste, hazardous waste, and debris; houses and household items contaminated by flood water and torn apart by tornadoes; and schools, school grounds, or playgrounds contaminated by flood waters or torn apart by tornadoes. It is highly recommended that children be the last individuals back into areas contaminated by floodwaters, or the after effects of tornadoes and hurricanes.