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SLOVENIAN INDUSTRIAL POLICY AS A BACKDROP: SIP

In its opening summary of its SIP (14) as one of the key sectoral documents of Slovenia's development strategy, the Government of Slovenia stated:

In order to maintain and improve economic competitiveness in this period of financial and economic crisis, which has hit Slovenia harder than most other European Union member states, it is important to strengthen the healthy core, represented by industry as the generator of innovation, growth and jobs. ... The vision of SIP is to improve the business environment, to support entrepreneurship and innovation, and to develop promising technological and industrial areas that correspond to social challenges, in order to create the conditions for the continuous restructuring of existing industries into energetically, materially, environmentally and socially effective industries of knowledge and innovation, leading to longer-lasting and better employment opportunities, as well as increased integration in international business . The basic condition for increasing investment in technological and economic development is the improvement of the business environment by respecting the principles of sustainable development. Improving the business environment refers to 10 areas of measures, including the integration of the concept of corporate social responsibility ... Another important area is strengthening entrepreneurship and innovation, which is the key to expanding productivity, employment and the economy ... SIP also defines activities for the long-term development of industry. (SIP, pp. 3, 4)

From our integral perspective, as we have now seen, we would argue that not only is a Slovenian moral core understated in the above SIP analysis, but nature and community (Southern) and culture and spirituality (Eastern) should be more strongly emphasized. However, once the SIP moves onto its "priority areas" there is an integral shift in orientation toward a more overtly "green" perspective. This is systematically elaborated through: searching new sources of growth that are represented primarily by responses to social challenges with the introduction of a new paradigm of development, resulting from concepts of green growth (OECD), the green economy (UNEP) and a materially-efficient and low carbon society (EC), which are based on improving efficiency (energy, material, environmental and social) instead of relying on increasing consumption of space, raw materials and energy. (SIP, p. 4).

Table 14.2 Priority Technology Areas

Challenge

Priority technology areas*

Key industrial sectors*

Environmental and energy challenge and the efficient use of natural resources based on sustainable production and consumption

Environmental technologies (technologies for the efficient use of energy, including the economical use of energy, renewable energy technologies, technologies for increasing material efficiency etc.)

Energetics / "Smart" systems

Sustainable construction

Manufacturing (especially woodprocessing, metal and electrical industry and electronics)

Chemical and process industry

Sustainable mobility

Technologies for sustainable mobility

Automotive industry

Food, health and ageing population

Biotechnology and other challenge- related technologies

Pharmaceutical industry

Food-processing industry and sustainable food production

Sustainable tourism

Potential KET – Key Enabling Technologies

Nanotechnology, micro- and nanoelectronics, photonics, biotechnology, advanced materials, advanced manufacturing and process technologies

ICT

Electrical industry and electronics

New materials

Metal-processing industry, engineering and tool-making

Source: SIP, p. 4.

 
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