State of New York Comprehensive Emergency Management and Continuity of Operations Plan
The state of New York has developed and put into use a comprehensive emergency management plan which includes a 10-step planning process with the main categories of hazard analysis, risk reduction, assessment of capabilities, recovery techniques, and community involvement. There are separate categories for: emergency response, risk management, dam failure, radiological emergencies, school safety, in-house hospital disaster plan, nursing homes, adult care facilities, electrical utility failures, solid waste management, hazardous waste and radioactive waste facility management, water supply, pet and service animals, etc. The plan goes into effect when the governor declares that a disaster is either an imminent threat or has already caused widespread or severe damage, injury, or death. Besides natural emergencies, the plan provides for: collapse of structures; power failure; transportation accidents which involve large numbers of people or substantial damage to property; explosions which cause substantial damage; leaking of hazardous material; large industrial accidents; nuclear reactor accidents; and terrorism and civil unrest. A national emergency may be declared by the president when federal assistance is needed to supplement state and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and protect property.