Insect and Rodent Control
(See Chapter 5, Insect Control; Chapter 6, Rodent Control; and Chapter 7, Pesticides in Handbook of Environmental Health—Biological, Chemical, and Physical Agents of Environmentally Related Disease)
Insects and rodents continue to be a serious concern in all institutions especially those involved in health care. There are numerous entrances into facilities and the constant movement of food and other supplies from vendors and visitors presents a unique opportunity for insects to enter the premises. Food, water, and shelter are abundantly available within the institutions because of the size of the facilities and because food is transported everywhere and stored, there are innumerable sinks that may leak, and there are a huge number of cracks and crevices where insects can harbor. Food crumbs from meals being eaten at the bedside as well as in nurses’ stations and other employee areas on the various floors of the facility are attractive to insects and rodents. The various pests found in healthcare institutions include German roaches, American roaches, bedbugs, ants, flies, fleas, termites, food storage insects, mice, and rats. Whenever repairs take place within the institution, there is an opportunity for a new natural pathway to be created for the invasion of the various pests.