Home Health Best practices for environmental health : environmental pollution, protection, quality and sustainability
Respiratory and Enteric Viruses in Pediatric Care Settings
The typical common respiratory viruses found in pediatric areas include rhinoviruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenoviruses, and influenza viruses. They are transmitted by direct contact with small particle aerosols or hands contaminated with respiratory secretions to the children’s noses and eyes. Frequent touch surfaces which can be contaminated for periods of time from 30 minutes to 10 hours may also be a source of hand contamination. Enteric viruses found in pediatric areas include enteric adenovirus, astroviruses, caliciviruses, and rotavirus. The transmission of these viruses is typically through the fecal-oral route from contaminated surfaces and fomites (an inanimate object which is contaminated which can transmit microorganisms to an individual). Organisms may also be transmitted through the creation of aerosols during vomiting. These viruses may cause a variety of enteric diseases.
Best Practices for Control of Respiratory and Enteric Viruses in Pediatric Care Settings
|< Prev||CONTENTS||Next >|