This act amends the previous two acts and establishes a tougher standard for pesticides used on food. There is now only a single health-based standard that is to be used when determining the risks of pesticide residues in food or feed. Additional requirements are as follows:
• The EPA can only establish an acceptable tolerance level for a pesticide if there is reasonable certainty that no harm to humans, especially children and the infirm, will occur from the combined effects of multiple exposures to the chemical or families of chemicals including of different composition that act in the same way in the body (a tolerance can only be established after all issues related to aggregate, non-occupational exposure through diet, drinking water, and use of pesticides in and around the home, and the cumulative effects from exposure to pesticides with common action in the body have been assessed).
• By 2006, the EPA reviewed all old pesticides to make sure that residues on or in food meet the new safety standard. This action is repeated every 15 years.
• All pesticides must be tested to determine if they have the potential for endocrine disruption which may result in sexual, developmental, behavioral, and reproductive problems.
• The EPA must prepare and distribute a brochure to supermarkets and other food outlets to discuss pesticides on food in order to alert the public as to what is proper.
• The EPA must reassess the pesticide registration of every chemical used at least once every 15 years.