Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
This act required that each governor of a state appoints a State Emergency Response Commission that will report directly to him/her or serve himself/herself as the commission chairperson of a select committee. The commission then establishes emergency planning districts in order to prepare and implement emergency plans and also establishes local emergency planning committees. It is then required by Executive Order that a list of extremely hazardous substances be published with their thresholds, which if exceeded may cause disease and injury. Facilities that manufacture, store, and use substances that exceed the threshold of those on the list are subject to all the rules and regulations of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to- Know Act.
Each local planning committee must develop an emergency plan which includes resources to respond to problems, identification of facilities that may cause problems, means of determining releases, and how to effectively deal with them.