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  • • The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan, which is called the National Contingency Plan, or NCP, is the way in which the federal government responds to oil spills and hazardous substances releases. The original plan was developed in 1968 and has been upgraded periodically with the latest revisions finalized in 1994. (See endnotes 115, 118, 123, 126.)
  • • The US Environmental Protection Agency provides expertise on the effects to human health and ecosystems from various pollutants and how best to control them.
  • • The United States Coast Guard provides physical facilities and expertise in all areas of port safety and security, maritime law, construction, and the handling of hazardous chemicals or waste aboard ships and in the ports.
  • • The Federal Emergency Management Agency provides technical assistance in the area of hazardous materials, emergency planning, and operational assistance to communities when a serious disastrous event occurs.
  • • The Department of Defense provides complete information, control, and operational assistance in any type of hazardous materials release or hazardous waste problems in any of their facilities.
  • • The Department of Energy provides assistance in the control of hazardous materials, especially radiological materials, covered by their mandate.
  • • The Department of Agriculture has five specific agencies which are involved in providing scientific and technical assistance in a variety of areas impacted by hazardous materials or hazardous wastes as well as fires. These agencies are the Forest Service; Agricultural Research Service; Natural Resources Conservation Service; Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service; and Food Safety and Inspection Service.
  • • The Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration provides scientific assistance and helps in resolving hazardous situations in coastal environments as well as cleanup and mitigation of the problem.
  • • The Department of Health and Human Services through its numerous agencies provides technical assistance and professional personnel where needed in the assessment, preservation, and protection of human health. They are the lead department of government in many areas related to hazardous materials and hazardous wastes. The specialized agencies are the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (See endnote 110); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Food and Drug Administration; Health Resources and Services Administration; Indian Health Service; National Institutes of Health; National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences; and National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.
  • • The Department of the Interior through its numerous agencies provides technical expertise and professional personnel for resolving hazardous materials and hazardous waste problems within its jurisdictional areas. These agencies are the US Fish and Wildlife Service; National Biological Service; US Geological Survey; Bureau of Land Management; Bureau of Mines; National Park Service; and Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • • The Department of Justice provides necessary advice on a variety of legal issues which may occur as a result of hazardous material spills and incidents or hazardous waste problems.
  • • The Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration provides technical assistance and personnel when there are hazards that affect workers or industries.
  • • The Department of Transportation provides expert advice on the transportation of all types of hazardous materials in all types of vehicles.
  • • The Nuclear Regulatory Commission provides specific advice on protecting people and the environment as well as appropriate recovery operations involving radioactive materials.
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