Farm*A*Syst is a program offered by many state universities including North Carolina State University and the North Carolina A&T State University Cooperative Extension Services which provide help in improving storage, handling, and disposal of livestock waste. North Carolina extension services also provide documents on protecting water supplies, improving fuel storage, improving storage and handling of hazardous wastes, improving septic systems, improving storage and handling of pesticides, improving storage and handling of fertilizer, grazing livestock and water quality, and managing pests. Land-grant colleges and universities conduct research, teach, and provide professional expertise to various groups in ways of protecting the environment. They typically operate cooperative extension services to work with people in their home communities. These colleges work cooperatively with the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, an agency of the US Department of Agriculture, and the National Integrated Water Quality Program. They attempt to provide innovative research to reduce the problems created by livestock and poultry-feeding operations on water quality.
US Department of Commerce—Transportation Research Board
The US Department of Commerce—Transportation Research Board—National Cooperative Highway Research Program has produced a document entitled “NCHRP Synthesis 272—Best Management Practices for Environmental Issues Related to Highway and Street Maintenance” (Springfield, Virginia, 1999). It is a synthesis of highway practice. (See endnote 30.)
US Environmental Protection Agency
The US EPA produces numerous manuals and studies on various phases of water pollution control and protection of water quality. Some of these can be used significantly as resources as follows:
1. The National Agricultural Center was created by the US EPA with the help of the US Department of Agriculture to provide information to the agricultural community through news releases, reports, documents, and other publications to help the individuals understand how to work with various environmental requirements.
2. The document entitled “National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Agriculture” (EPA 841-B-03-004-July 2003) is a technical and reference document utilized by state, local, and tribal managers to implement non-point source pollution management programs. (See endnote 31.)
3. The material entitled “Managing Your Environmental Responsibilities: A Planning Guide for Construction and Development” (EPA/305-Be-04-003, April, 2005) is provided to contractors, governmental agencies, and other interested parties by the Office of Compliance,
US EPA. (See endnote 32.)
4. The report entitled “National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Forestry” (EPA 841-B-05-001, May, 2005) helps people who own forests protect their lakes and streams from polluted runoff from working in the forest using best scientific practices, and helps states implement non-point source control programs. (See endnote 33.)
5. The material entitled “Shipshape Shores and Waters—A Handbook for Marina Operators and Recreational Boaters” (EPA-841-The-03-001, January, 2003) is provided by the US EPA, Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds. (See endnote 34.)
6. The guidance document entitled “National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Hydro Modification” (EPA 841-B-07-002, July, 2007) is a set of voluntary requirements at the federal level but may be mandatory at some state levels for managing hydromodification of streams, lakes, and other bodies of water. (See endnote 35.)
7. Low impact development or redevelopment is a means to manage stormwater close to its source to avoid non-point source pollution. A good reference is “Stormwater to Street Trees— Engineering Urban Forests for Stormwater Management” (EPA 841 B 13001 6-20-2013). Also, see the US EPA sheet “Water: Low Impact Development” on the internet at http:// www3.epa.gov/region9/water/lid/, Pacific Southwest, Region 9, Low Impact Development for a substantial amount of additional references.
8. The document entitled “Abandoned Mine Site Characterization and Cleanup Handbook” (EPA 910-B-00-001, August, 2000) is available for people interested in acid mine drainage. (See endnote 36.)
9. SUSTAIN (System for Urban Storm Water Treatment and Analysis Integration Model) is a decision support system developed by the US EPA to assist stormwater management professionals and watershed stormwater practitioners to implement pollution control technologies over stormwater flowing across land, and to select optimal Best Practice combinations that are cost-effective (January 2013).
10. The document entitled “Handbook for Developing Watershed Plans to Restore and Protect Our Waters” (EPA 841-B-08-002, March, 2008) helps communities, watershed organizations, and state, local, tribal, and federal environmental agencies develop and implement watershed plans. (See endnote 37.)