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Contextualizing US and German Journalism

The following chapters examine professionalism in its own terms initially. Considering cultural practices as consequences of other social forces from the get go obscures understanding of its internal logic and reproduction (Kane 1991): Its contribution to social outcomes can only be assessed by considering culture analytically distinct before linking it back together to institutional structures which are defined by it and which define it in turn. Chapter 3 takes a broader look on discourses of journalistic professionalism, and a large part of this book examines self-conceptions and practices of individual journalists. This chapter considers institutional and cultural conditions a possibility for journalistic professionalism in Germany and the United States. It situates journalism in relation to market and non-market (civic) powers (Benson 2013) and its professional organizational context. The following section considers two cultural parameters of professionalism: (1) historical trajectories of the two journalism cultures and previous research about their distinctive normative commitments, especially in relation to politics, and (2) broader national repertoires of evaluation in the United States and Germany.

© The Author(s) 2017

M. Revers, Contemporary Journalism in the US and Germany, Cultural Sociology, DOI 10.1057/978-1-137-51537-7_2

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