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  • 1. The disclosure arose from a FOIA requests in March, 2010 for e-mail correspondence between journalists and the Governor’s press aides. The request was denied and Columbia Journalism Review collaborated with Gawker, who started a similar investigation, to file suit. The Attorney General’s office decided that the denial was unwarranted and the government released the correspondence 9 months later.
  • 2. The disclosed e-mails actually revealed that the Times was investigating on this issue but the story that they were working on at around February 7, 2010 was not connected to this, but dealt with a domestic violence incident a member of Paterson’s administration was involved in and that the Governor’s office allegedly tried to cover up (Hakim and Rashbaum 2010).
  • 3. The sex scandal was one in a series of damaging rumor-turned-news stories on Governor Paterson, some of which had stronger factual bases than this one. The news story by the Times that came out eventually did not address these rumors. After President Obama publicly requested him to withdraw and his approval rating further, plummeted David Paterson ultimately decided not to run for Governor in late February of 2010.
  • 4. Competing journalists on the same beat often employ one another as sources in moments of uncertainty, as Gans (1979:139) suggested, which leads to “fraternization.” Tunstall (1970:81-86) found that competitor- colleagues at the Westminster Lobby not only share certain information but also directly cooperate with each other to report the news.
  • 5. Reinemann (2004) stresses the importance of consuming news by others to assess newsworthiness as a force of homogenization and mainstreaming. Technological mediation furthers this dynamic, as Boczkowski’s (2010) study on online news production suggests. He found that mutual monitoring between news operations on the web leads to imitation and similarity of news agendas, especially in the production of hard news (he found more incentive to be unique in soft news production).
  • 6. One member shared a digital copy ofthe 1984 version ofthe “Constitution and Articles of Incorporation of the Legislative Correspondents’ Association, Inc. of the State of New York,” personal communication, March 3, 2016.
  • 7. According to Richard Benedetto, personal communication, August 22, 2011.
  • 8. This was first seen as a competition for the New York Times bureau. This perception quickly dissipated when the sole state house reporter for the Wall Street Journal, Jacob Gershman, was hardly seen at the State Capitol.
  • 9. The stories of New York Times journalist Judith Miller before the USA went to war against Iraq gave credibility to the allegation of the existence of weapons of mass destruction there, which turned out to be false.
  • 10. Marginal insiders includes reporters from less relevant news outlets (that have little influence on other journalists), whose agenda may be removed from daily journalism for whatever reason (they are columnists or exclusively practice investigative journalism) or just socially marginal reporters who do not engage as much with other reporters. I took their views seriously but treated them carefully in the sense of weighting whether they were just outliers or insights from a position of greater critical distance.
  • 11. “Troopergate” started as a travel scandal involving Republican Senate majority leader Joe Bruno, who was accused of using state aircraft to travel to fundraisers, in the Albany Times Union (Odato 2007). Largely because of Dicker’s coverage in the Post and then-Attorney General Andrew Cuomo’s investigation into the affair, the story changed and became a surveillance scandal: Governor Eliot Spitzer’s staff was accused of using state police to create records about Bruno’s whereabouts and instigating the initial story in the Times Union.
  • 12. An instance of this is available in an online video, which shows reporters repeatedly asking very similar questions in a press conference and putting pressure on Governor Spitzer: azinyc. 2007. “Eliot Spitzer and Fred Dicker, Albany Press Conference.” YouTube Website. Retrieved January 11, 2014 (
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