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Notes

  • 1. Joanne Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive? A Case Study from Northern Ireland,’ British Educational Research Journal 37, no. 5 (2011): 829.
  • 2. Amy Gutmann, ‘Unity and Diversity,’ in Banks (ed.), Diversity and Citizenship Education, 86.
  • 3. J bid., 87.
  • 4. J bid., 88.
  • 5. Tony Gallagher, ‘Desegregation and Resegregation,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 17; Gutmann, ‘Unity and Diversity,’ in Banks (ed.), Diversity and Citizenship Education, 88.
  • 6. Gallagher, ‘Desegregation and Resegregation,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 17.
  • 7. O’Leary, ‘Foreword,’ in Kerr Imposing Power-Sharing, 142.
  • 8. Gallagher, Education, 149-150; Banks, ‘Preface,’ in Banks (ed.), Diversity and Citizenship Education, xix; Banks, ‘Democratic Citizenship Education,’ in Banks (ed.), Diversity and Citizenship Education, 9.
  • 9. Skutnabb-Kangas, ‘Language Rights’, Cummins (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Education Volume 5, 128.
  • 10. Walter C. Parker, ‘Diversity, Globalisation and Democratic Education,’ in Banks (ed.), Diversity and Citizenship Education, 434.
  • 11. Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 831; Gallagher, Education, 125.
  • 12. Jbid.; Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 831; B.K. Lambkin, Opposite Religions Still?, 195.
  • 13. Claire McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 86; Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 829.
  • 14. Claire McGlynn, ‘Negotiating Cultural Difference in Divided Societies. An Analysis of Approaches to Integrated Education in Northern Ireland,’ in McGlynn et al. (eds.), Peace Education, 11.
  • 15. Ibid.; Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 842.
  • 16. Ibid., 844.
  • 17. Shepherd Johnson, ‘Moving from Piecemeal,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 22; Ulf Hansson, Una O’Connor Bones, and John McCord, Integrated Education: A Review of Policy and Research Evidence (Belfast: Integrated Education Fund, 2013), 53. Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 839. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 53.
  • 18. Interview with Tony Gallagher (Pro-Vice Chancellor, Queen’s University Belfast), Belfast, 26/02/2013.
  • 19. Ulf Hansson, Una O’Connor Bones, and John McCord, Integrated Education: A Review of Policy and Research Evidence (Belfast: Integrated Education Fund, 2013), 53; Lambkin, Opposite Religions Still?, 30.
  • 20. Qtd. in Thomas F. Pettigrew and Linda Tropp, When Groups Meet-. The Dynamics of Intergroup Contact (New York: Psychology Press, 2011): 8.
  • 21. Gallagher, Education, 125.
  • 22. loanne Hughes and Caitlin Donnelly, ‘Is the Policy Sufficient? An Exploration of Integrated Education in Northern Ireland and Bilingual/ Binational Education in Israel,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 131.
  • 23. Ulrike Niens and Ed Cairns, ‘Conflict, Contact and Education in Northern Ireland,’ Theory into Practice 44, no. 4 (2005): 338, 341; Gallagher, Education, 25-26.
  • 24. Stefania Paolini et al., ‘Effects of Direct and Indirect Cross-Group Friendships on Judgments of Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland: The Mediating Role of an Anxiety-Reduction Mechanism,’ Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 30, no. 6 (2004): 771.
  • 25. Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 845; Interview with Caitlin Donnelly (Expert on Faith Schools and Inter-Group Relations, Queen’s University Belfast), Belfast, 4/03/2013; Arlow Interview.
  • 26. Paolini et al., ‘Effects of Direct and Indirect Cross-Group Friendships,’ 771.
  • 27. Interview with Joane Hughes (Expert on Education in Divided Societies and Chair of the School of Education, Queen’s University Belfast), Belfast, 20/02/2013.
  • 28. McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 78; McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict’, 153; Niens and Cairns, ‘Conflict, Contact and Education,’ 340; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 54; Paolini et al., ‘Effects of Direct and Indirect Cross-Group Friendships,’ 783; Hughes Interview.
  • 29. McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 154; Interview with Expert of Religious Education and Citizenship Education, Belfast, 19/02/2013; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 55.
  • 30. McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 78; Niens and Cairns, ‘Conflict, Contact and Education,’ 340; McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 153-154.
  • 31. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 54; Expert of Religious Education and Citizenship Education Interview; McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 155.
  • 32. Ross, ‘Peace Education,’ in Salomon and Cairns (eds.), Handbook on Peace Education, 130.
  • 33. Paolini et al., ‘Effects of Direct and Indirect Cross-Group Friendships,’ 770, 772.
  • 34. Jan Germen Janmaat, Classroom Diversity and its Relation to Tolerance, Trust and Participation in England, Sweden and Germany (London: Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies, 2010): 34-36.
  • 35. Katherine Torney, ‘How Integrated Are Schools Where You Live? ,’ The Detail TV, 23/11/2012; Hughes Interview.
  • 36. Donnelly Interview.
  • 37. J bid.
  • 38. Connolly and Maginn, Sectarianism.
  • 39. Hughes Interview.
  • 40. Taush et al., ‘The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations,’ in Salomon and Cairns (eds.), Handbook on Peace Education, 80.
  • 41. ‘ Peter Robinson Calls for End to School Segregation,’ Belfast Telegraph, 16/10/2010.
  • 42. Bashshour Interview; Bashshour, ‘Chances for Conflict Regulation,’ in Hanf (ed.), The Political Function of Education, 181.
  • 43. Nemer Frayha, ‘Developing Curriculum,’ in Tawil and Harley (eds.), Education, Conflict and Social Cohesion, 173; Qabbani Interview.
  • 44. Part III, Section F, Art. 1 and 3, Taif Agreement.
  • 45. Abouchedid et al., ‘The Limitations of Inter-Group Learning’.
  • 46. Bashshour Interview.
  • 47. Jnterview with Wafa Kotob (Senior Education Advisor UNICEF), Beirut, 9/07/2012.
  • 48. Moreno Interview.
  • 49. Telephone Interview with Juan Manuel Moreno (Team Leader, World Bank Education Development Project), 13/06/2012. The World Bank, Public Spending on Education Total (% of GDP), http://data.worldbank. org/indicator/SE.XPD.TOTL.GD.ZS
  • 50. Moreno Interview.
  • 51. Baumann, ‘The ‘New Contractor Bourgeoisie’,’ in Knudsen and Kerr (eds.), Lebanon after the Cedar Revolution, 131.
  • 52. Interview with Senior USAID Official, Beirut, 2/07/2012.
  • 53. Daw Interview; Moreno Interview.
  • 54. Public school principal, qtd. in Joceleyne Zablit, ‘Lebanon’s Public Schools Students Face Uphill Battle,’ AFP, 8/10/2011; Kotob Interview.
  • 55. Interview with Nada Mneimneh (Director, Education Sector Development Secretariat, Ministry of Education), Beirut, 4/07/2012.
  • 56. Senior USAID Official Interview.
  • 57. Ibid.; Kotob Interview.
  • 58. Ibid.
  • 59. Senior USAID Official Interview.
  • 60. Moreno Interview; Qabbani Interview.
  • 61. Bashshour Interview.
  • 62. Al-Khatib Interview.
  • 63. Interview with Adnan El-Amine (Lebanese Association for Educational Studies Director and Curriculum Specialist), Beirut, 13/07/2012.
  • 64. United Nations Development Programme, Education and Citizenship, 35-36.
  • 65. Mneimneh Interview; Shuayb, ‘Education’, in Choueiri (ed.), Breaking the Cycle, 191.
  • 66. Daw Interview.
  • 67. Senior Officer, CERD, Interview.
  • 68. Ali Khalife, ‘La Place De La Religion A L’ecole ’ Confluences Mediterranee 56, (2006), 154.
  • 69. Ibid.
  • 70. Reuven Erlich and Yoram Kahati, ‘Hezbollah as a Case Study of the Battle for Hearts and Minds’, Intelligence and Terrorism Information Centre at the Israel Intelligence Heritage & Commemoration Centre http://www. terrorism-info.org.il/data/pdf/PDF_07_030_2.pdf
  • 71. Kathleen Fincham, ‘Nationalist Narratives’, 5; Al-Khatib Interview.
  • 72. Shuayb, ‘Education’, in Choueiri (ed.), Breaking the Cycle, 183, 167.
  • 73. Qabbani Interview.
  • 74. El-Amine Interview.
  • 75. Mneimneh Interview.
  • 76. Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Le Developpement, 7; El-Amine Interview.
  • 77. Moreno Interview; Akar Interview.
  • 78. Ibid.
  • 79. Chartouni Interview.
  • 80. El-Amine Interview; Bashshour Interview; Kotob Interview.
  • 81. United Nations Development Programme, Lebanon Human Development, 27; Kotob Interview.
  • 82. Yahya Interview.
  • 83. Ibid.
  • 84. Moreno Interview; Bashshour Interview.
  • 85. Moreno Interview; Jim Quilty, ‘Separate Learning’.
  • 86. Only 17 independent schools according to the Department of Education Northern Ireland, Independent Schools List, http://www.deni.gov.uk/ index/schools-and-infrastructure-2/schools-management/10-types_of_ school-nischools_pg/schools_-_types_of_school-independent-schools. htm
  • 87. Gallagher Interview.
  • 88. Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 845.
  • 89. O’Duibh Interview.
  • 90. Bell Interview; Interview with Senior Officer, Belfast Education and Library Board, Belfast, 26/02/2013.
  • 91. Hughes Interview; Caitlin Donnelly, ‘In Pursuit of School Ethos,’ British Journal of Educational Studies 48, no. 2 (2000), 144; Donnelly Interview.
  • 92. McGlynn, ‘Negotiating Cultural Difference,’ in in McGlynn et al. (eds.), Peace Education, 12; McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 152.
  • 93. Torney, ‘How Integrated’.
  • 94. Kinahan Interview; Interview with Sam Fitzsimmons (Communications Director, Integrated Education Fund), Belfast, 4/03/2013; Interview with Stephen Farry (Alliance MLA and Minister for Employment and Learning), Belfast, 25/02/2013; Telephone Interview with Expert of Primary Religious Education, 25/03/2013.
  • 95. Priscilla Chadwick, Schools of Reconciliation, 134; Arlow Interview.
  • 96. Torney, ‘How Integrated’; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 28
  • 97. Ibid., 9, 15, 56-57.
  • 98. Ibid.
  • 99. Qtd. in Lindsay Fergus, ‘Northern Ireland Schools ‘Must Cooperate or Face Closure’,’ Belfast Telegraph, 11/01/2012.
  • 100. Tony Gallagher, ‘Balancing Difference’, 436.
  • 101. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 31-41.
  • 102. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 5.
  • 103. Ibid., 11. Equality, interdependence, inclusivity and celebration of other cultures according to McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 83; Interview with Baroness May Blood (President, Integrated Education Fund), London, 19/03/2013; Fitzsimmons Interview; Donnelly, ‘In Pursuit of School Ethos,’ 146; Mcilwaine Interview; Hughes and Donnelly, ‘Is the Policy Sufficient?’ in

Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 122; Interview with John McCallister (Independent MLA), Belfast, 25/02/2013.

  • 104. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 5.
  • 105. Ibid.
  • 106. Paul Connolly, Dawn Purvis, and PJ O’Grady, Advancing Shared Education. Report of the Ministerial Advisory Group (Belfast, 2013), xx.
  • 107. Blood Interview; Mcilwaine Interview; Valerie Morgan and Grace Fraser, ‘When Does ‘Good News’ Become ‘Bad News’?,’ 372-375.
  • 108. Blood Interview.
  • 109. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 3.
  • 110. Fitzsimmons Interview; Blood Interview.
  • 111. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 3; Fitzsimmons Interview.
  • 112. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 44-47; Department of Education Northern Ireland, Towards a Culture of Tolerance. Integrating Education (Belfast: Department of Education Northern Ireland, 1998): 8; Claire McGlynn, ‘Integrated and Faith-Based Schooling in Northern Ireland,’ The Irish Journal of Education 36, (2005): 52; McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 152.
  • 113. Donnelly Interview; Gallagher Interview; Bell Interview; Senior Officer (Education and Skills Authority) Interview.
  • 114. McDevitt Interview.
  • 115. Fionnuala O’Connor, A Shared Childhood, the Story of the Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland (Belfast: Blackstaff Press, 2002): 64; Interview with Eimear Bush (Programme Manager, Special European Union Programmes Body), Belfast, 20/02/2013.
  • 116. McDevitt Interview.
  • 117. Murphy Interview. The St Columbanus College in Bangor is generally mentioned as an example of a Catholic maintained school where out of 597 pupils only 256 had a Catholic background in 2012. Torney, ‘How Integrated’.
  • 118. Personal Communication with Ex-Principal in a Catholic Maintained School, 21/02/2013. In fact, research proves most schools” emphasis on parity ofesteem and on ecumenical Christianity, see: McGlynn, ‘Negotiating Cultural Difference,’ in in McGlynn et al. (eds.), Peace Education, 20; Chadwick, Schools of Reconciliation, 166; O’Connor, A Shared Childhood, 98.
  • 119. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 9, 50.
  • 120. McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 155; McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 78.
  • 121. McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 154; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 50.
  • 122. Farry Interview; Blood Interview.
  • 123. ‘ Peter Robinson Calls for End to School Segregation,’ Belfast Telegraph, 16/10/2010.
  • 124. Storey Interview; Hughes and Donnelly, ‘Is the Policy Sufficient?,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 131; O’Connor, A Shared Childhood, 68, 70.
  • 125. Storey Interview.
  • 126. Interview with Kathryn Torney (Journalist, the Detail Tv), Belfast, 18/02/2013.
  • 127. O’Connor, A Shared Childhood, 168.
  • 128. Blood Interview; Mcilwaine Interview.
  • 129. Ibid.
  • 130. I bid.; Mcdevitt Interview.
  • 131. Department of Education Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Summary Data, http://www.deni.gov.uk/index/facts-and-figures-new/education-sta- tistics/32_statistics_and_research-numbersofschoolsandpupils_ pg/32_statistics_and_research-northernirelandsummarydata_pg.htm
  • 132. Nolan, Northern Ireland Peace Monitoring Report, 96.
  • 133. Murphy Interview.
  • 134. Hughes and Donnelly, ‘Is the Policy Sufficient?,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 131.
  • 135. McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 81.
  • 136. McGlynn, ‘Negotiating Cultural Difference,’ in in McGlynn et al. (eds.), Peace Education, 20.
  • 137. Hughes and Donnelly, ‘Is the Policy Sufficient?,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 129.
  • 138. Murphy Interview; Senior Officer, Belfast Education and Library Board, Interview.
  • 139. Hughes Interview; Gallagher Interview; Blood Interview; McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 154; McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 78; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 9; Paolini et al., ‘Effects of Direct and Indirect Cross-Group Friendships.’
  • 140. Ibid., 153; McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 78; McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 154.
  • 141. Blood Interview; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 9; McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 154,156; McGlynn, ‘Challenges,’ in Bekerman and McGlynn (eds.), Addressing Ethnic Conflict, 78; Hughes Interview.
  • 142. Paolini et al., ‘Effects of Direct and Indirect Cross-Group Friendships.’
  • 143. Gallagher Interview.
  • 144. I bid.
  • 145. McDevitt Interview.
  • 146. Murphy Interview.
  • 147. Interview with Senior Education Advisor, Council for Catholic Maintained Schools, Belfast, 18/02/2013.
  • 148. Hughes Interview.
  • 149. Torney, ‘How Integrated’.
  • 150. Fraser Agnew, qtd. in Colm Heatley, Interface: Flashpoints in Northern Ireland (Belfast: Lagan Books, 2004).
  • 151. Ibid.
  • 152. Connolly et al., Advancing Shared Education, xiii.
  • 153. Donnelly Interview.
  • 154. Gallagher Interview.
  • 155. McGlynn et al., ‘Moving out of Conflict,’ 157; Hughes Interview.
  • 156. Hughes Interview.
  • 157. Gallagher Interview. Purdy et al., ‘Primary Languages,’ 153.
  • 158. Donnelly Interview; Interview with Chris Hazzard (Sinn Fein MLA and Member of the Education Committee), Belfast, 18/09/2013; Connolly et al., Advancing Shared Education, xvii; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 17; Hughes Interview.
  • 159. Connolly et al., Advancing Shared Education, xviii; Gallagher Interview.
  • 160. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 28; Murphy Interview; Gallagher Interview.
  • 161. Murphy Interview; Senior Officer (Education and Skills Authority) Interview.
  • 162. I bid.
  • 163. Connolly et al., Advancing Shared Education, xvii; Bell Interview; Mcilwaine Interview.
  • 164. Gallagher Interview; Bell Interview; Interview with a Senior Officer, Council for Catholic Maintained Schools, Belfast, 18/02/2013.
  • 165. McDevitt Interview.
  • 166. Gallagher Interview.
  • 167. Senior Officer, Belfast Education and Library Board, Interview; Murphy Interview.
  • 168. Ibid.
  • 169. Ibid.
  • 170. Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 845-846.
  • 171. Ibid.
  • 172. Torney Interview; Farry Interview.
  • 173. Mcilwaine Interview; Donnelly Interview.
  • 174. Connolly et al., Advancing Shared Education, xxi.
  • 175. Mcilwaine Interview; Gallagher Interview.
  • 176. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 25; Bell Interview.
  • 177. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 46.
  • 178. Storey Interview.
  • 179. Fitzsimmons Interview; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 18.
  • 180. Bell Interview; Hughes Interview; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 19-22.
  • 181. Fitzsimmons Interview.
  • 182. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 6.
  • 183. Connolly et al., Advancing Shared Education, xvii.
  • 184. Gallagher Interview; Expert of Religious Education and Citizenship Education Interview.
  • 185. Hughes Interview.
  • 186. Gallagher Interview.
  • 187. Ibid.
  • 188. Gallagher Interview; Mcilwaine Interview.
  • 189. McCallister Interview.
  • 190. Senior Officer (Education and Skills Authority) Interview.
  • 191. Kinahan Interview; Gallagher Interview; Senior Officer (Education and Skills Authority) Interview; Blood Interview.
  • 192. Interview with Chris Hazzard (Sinn Fein MLA and Member of the Education Committee), Belfast, 18/09/2013; Kinahan Interview; Storey Interview; Blood Interview; Farry Interview; Fitzsimmons Interview; Senior Officer (Education and Skills Authority) Interview; Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 4.
  • 193. Mcilwaine Interview; Senior Officer, Belfast Education and Library Board, Interview.
  • 194. Kinahan Interview.
  • 195. Lindsay Fergus, ‘ESA: ?17m Down the Drain as Death Knell Signalled for Single Education Body,’ Belfast Telegraph, 10/04/2014.
  • 196. Kinahan Interview.
  • 197. Chris Hazzard, ‘Governors Board Association Support for ESA Welcome’ http://www.sinnfein.ie/contents/28964; Personal Communication with Chris Hazzard (Sinn Fein MLA and Education Spokesperson), 14/04/2014.
  • 198. ‘ The Controversial Education and Skills Authority: Stormont Fails to Deliver Again,’ Belfast Telegraph, 10/04/2014.
  • 199. Kinahan Interview; McDevitt Interview; McCallister Interview.
  • 200. Senior Officer (Education and Skills Authority) Interview.
  • 201. Hughes, ‘Are Separate Schools Divisive?,’ 847.
  • 202. Murphy Interview; Farry Interview; McCallister Interview.
  • 203. Hansson et al., Integrated Education, 66; Torney Interview; Gallagher, ‘Balancing Difference,’ 439.
  • 204. Connolly et al., Advancing Shared Education, xxi.
  • 205. Hazzard Interview.
  • 206. I bid; Bell Interview.
  • 207. Bishop Donal McKeown, qtd. in ‘Cardinal Brady Accuses Catholic Schools of Getting Pupils by ‘Stealth’,’ BBC, 13/02/2012; McDevitt Interview; ‘The Controversial Education and Skills Authority: Stormont Fails to Deliver Again,’ Belfast Telegraph, 10/04/2014.
  • 208. McDevitt Interview.
  • 209. Ibid.
  • 210. Officer in an International Mission Interview.
  • 211. Sabani Interview.
  • 212. Ministry of Education and Science, National Programme for the Development of Education in the Republic of Macedonia 2005-2015, 21; Sabani Interview; Aisling Lyon, Decentralisation and the Delivery of Primary and Secondary Education (Skopje: Centre for Research and Policymaking, 2011), 9.
  • 213. Ministry of Education and Science, National Programme, 23; Officer in an International Delegation Interview; Sabani Interview; Lyon, Decentralisation, 18-21.
  • 214. Interview with Officer, World Bank, Skopje, 15/09/2012; Interview with Emilja Tudjarovska (Scholar and Activist), Skopje, 13/09/2012; Grodzanovska Interview; Officer in an International Mission Interview.
  • 215. Vetterlein, ‘The Influence of the Ohrid Framework Agreement’, 15; Ministry of Education and Science, Steps Towards Integrated Education, 13.
  • 216. Grodzanovska Interview; Vetterlein, ‘The Influence of the Ohrid Framework Agreement,’ 15.
  • 217. Officer in an International Delegation Interview.
  • 218. Sabani Interview; Lyon, Decentralisation, 26-27; Officer in an International Delegation Interview.
  • 219. Lyon, Decentralisation, 28.
  • 220. I bid.
  • 221. Officer in an International Mission Interview.
  • 222. I bid.
  • 223. Vetterlein, ‘The Influence of the Ohrid Framework Agreement’, 16.
  • 224. Deralla Interview; Officer in an International Mission Interview.
  • 225. Ali Cupi Interview; Sabani Interview.
  • 226. Officer in an International Delegation Interview.
  • 227. Sabani Interview.
  • 228. Officer in an International Delegation Interview; Sabani Interview.
  • 229. Ibid.; United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, Study on Multiculturalism and Inter-Ethnic Relations in Education (Skopje: UNICEF Country Office, 2009), 7.
  • 230. Ministry of Education and Science, Steps Towards Integrated Education, 5; Zenkolli Interview; Hani Interview; Mickovska Interview; Sabani Interview; see Chap. 6.
  • 231. ‘The Segregation Solution,’ Transitions Online, 26/05/2003; Vetterlein, ‘The Influence of the Ohrid Framework Agreement’, 17.
  • 232. Zenkolli Interview; Ali Cupi Interview.
  • 233. Vetterlein, ‘The Influence of the Ohrid Framework Agreement’, 17.
  • 234. Mickovska Interview.
  • 235. Ministry of Education and Science, Steps Towards Integrated Education, 6.
  • 236. Sabani Interview; United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, Study on Multiculturalism, 7.
  • 237. Hughes Interview.
  • 238. Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe Spillover Mission to Skopje, Age, Contact, Perceptions, 20.
  • 239. Ana Tomovska, ‘Social Context and Contact Hypothesis. Perceptions and Experiences of a Contact Program for Ten- to Eleven-Year-Old Children in the Republic of Macedonia,’ in McGlynn et al. (eds.), Peace Education, 98.
  • 240. Mickovska Interview.
  • 241. Arshinkovska Interview.
  • 242. I bid.
  • 243. Interview with Rada Arshinkovska (Physics Teacher and Member of IEARN), Skopje, 17/09/2012.
  • 244. Grodzanovska Interview.
  • 245. Deralla Interview.
  • 246. Officer in an International Donor Interview; Arshinkovska Interview; Ali Cupi Interview; Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe Spillover Mission to Skopje, Age, Contact, Perceptions, 20; Officer, Ministry of Education and Science, Interview; Deralla Interview; Lyon, Decentralisation, 40.
  • 247. Zenkolli Interview; Officer in an International Mission Interview.
  • 248. Officer in an International Mission Interview; Interview with Officer in an International Donor.
  • 249. Ibid.
  • 250. Sabani mentioned two schools in Kumanovo.
  • 251. Officer in an International Mission Interview.
  • 252. This is because they are often prevented from enrolling in schools serving different catchment areas according to Recep Ali Cupi.
  • 253. Ljubica Dimishkovska-Grozdanovska, ‘A Poor Report Card for Macedonia’s Schools,’ Transitions Online, 12 /01/2012.
  • 254. Ali Cupi Interview; Officer in an International Delegation Interview.
  • 255. Tomovska, ‘Social Context’, in McGlynn et al. (eds.), Peace Education, 98.
  • 256. Officer in an International Donor Interview; Arshinkovska Interview; Mickovska Interview.
  • 257. Ibid.
  • 258. Officer in an International Mission Interview; Ali Cupi Interview.
  • 259. Officer in an International Donor Interview.
  • 260. ‘The Segregation Solution,’ Transitions Online, 26/05/2003.
  • 261. Officer, Ministry of Education and Science, Interview; Officer in an International Mission Interview; Officer in an International Donor Interview.
  • 262. Vetterlein, ‘The Influence of the Ohrid Framework Agreement’, 16; Lyon, Decentralisation, 33.
  • 263. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, Study on Multiculturalism, 21.
  • 264. Officer in an International Mission Interview.
  • 265. Ministry of Education and Science, Steps Towards Integrated Education, 17; Schenker Interview; Officer in an International Donor Interview; Officer, Ministry of Education and Science, Interview.
  • 266. Schenker Interview.
  • 267. Ministry of Education and Science, Steps Towards Integrated Education, 11.
  • 268. I bid. 18; Schenker Interview.
  • 269. Ibid.; Ministry of Education and Science, Steps Towards Integrated Education, 17.
  • 270. Sabani Interview.
  • 271. Schenker Interview.
  • 272. Ibid.
  • 273. Zenkolli Interview; see also Chap. 6.
  • 274. Lazarevska Interview.
  • 275. Sabani Interview.
  • 276. United States Agency for International Development, Interethnic Integration in Education Project , http://www.usaid.gov/macedonia/ fact-sheets/interethnic-integration-education-project
  • 277. Georgieva Interview; USAID, ‘Interethnic Integration’.
  • 278. Ibid.; Officer in an International Donor Interview.
  • 279. Schenker Interview.
  • 280. Officer in an International Donor Interview.
  • 281. Zenkolli Interview.
  • 282. Interview with Senior Officer, Ministry of Education and Science, Skopje, 19/09/2012.
  • 283. Lazarevska Interview.
  • 284. Ali Cupi Interview; Officer in an International Mission Interview.
  • 285. Nazif Mandaci, ‘Turks of Macedonia’, 17; Ronny Myhrvold, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 29.
  • 286. Ali Cupi Interview.
  • 287. United Nations Development Programme, People Centered Analysis Report.
  • 288. Zenkolli Interview; Officer, Ministry of Education and Science Interview; Hughes Interview; Officer in an International Delegation Interview; Novkovski Interview.
  • 289. Schenker Interview.
  • 290. Ibid.
  • 291. Zenkolli Interview.
  • 292. Officer in an International Mission Interview. Also argued by Loreta Georgieva.
  • 293. Sabani Interview.
  • 294. Officer in an International Mission Interview; Interview with Albanian Historian.
  • 295. Novkovski Interview; Officer, Ministry of Education and Science, Interview.
  • 296. Vetterlein, ‘The Influence of the Ohrid Framework Agreement’, 4.
  • 297. Gallagher, ‘Balancing Difference,’ 431.
  • 298. Farry Interview.
  • 299. Lijphart, Thinking About Democracy, 70.
  • 300. Murphy Interview; For the Shia, see: Catherine Le Thomas, Les Ёcoles Chiites Au Liban (Paris: Karthala, 2012).
 
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