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Home arrow Computer Science arrow Computational Diffusion MRI: MICCAI Workshop, Athens, Greece, October 2016


Diffusion MRI Signal Augmentation: From Single Shell to Multi Shell with Deep Learning

Simon Koppers, Christoph Haarburger, and Dorit Merhof

Abstract High Angular Resolution Diffusion Imaging makes it possible to capture information about the course and location of complex fiber structures in the human brain. Ideally, multi-shell sampling would be applied, which however increases the acquisition time. Therefore, multi-shell acquisitions are considered infeasible for practical use in a clinical setting. In this work, we present a data-driven approach that is able to augment single-shell signals to multi-shell signals based on Deep Neural Networks and Spherical Harmonics. The proposed concept is evaluated on synthetic data to investigate the impact of noise and number of gradients. Moreover, it is evaluated on human brain data from the Human Connectome Project, comprising 100 scans from different subjects. The proposed approach makes it possible to drastically reduce the signal acquisition time and performs equally well on both synthetic as well as real human brain data.

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