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  • 1 In the same way, Smith (2005: 45) raises questions about citizen control over agendas and the direction of the America Speaks 21st Century Town Meetings, and about the role of officials who have to collate and synthesise at speed the simultaneous discussions of small groups.
  • 2 See Partic-Budg-Brazil-web.pdf.
  • 3 Cohen argues that those engaged in deliberation should not take a narrow or group interest standpoint, but should arrive at a rationally motivated consensus focused on the common good. They should engage in free deliberation between formally and substantively equal participants who are accorded equal voice.


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