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Chinese and Buddhist Philosophy in early Twentieth-Century German Thought

A Peculiar Journey: Confucian Philosophy in German ThoughtIntroduction: Whose Confucius? Which Confucianism?One: The Europeanization of Confucius The Chinese and the European ConfuciusConfucian China in German social thinking: Hegel and WeberFranz Rosenzweig and the banality of sagehoodThe anti-Socratic and Socratic ConfuciusTwo: Retrieving Confucius: Buber, Misch, and Jaspers Georg Misch: The Confucian ethical revolutionAn exchange of life: Confucianism as self-reflective life-philosophyConfucianism: Too noble for Europe?Buber’s Confucius: Between particularism and pluralismKarl Jaspers: Confucius as a paradigmatic individual thinkerConfucian philosophy as intercultural philosophyConclusionThe Problem of Life in China and Europe: Zhang Junmai, Eucken, and DrieschOne: Zhang, Eucken, and Life-Philosophy Zhang’s intercultural contexts: Modernity, colonialism, and the crisis of lifeZhang, Eucken, and the Chinese and European cultivation of lifeThe problem of life in China and EuropeA Chinese reading of Eucken’s philosophy of spiritThe modern rebirth of Confucianism from the spirit of KantianismTwo: Zhang and Driesch between Republican China and Weimar Germany Hans and Margarete Driesch in Republican ChinaCosmopolitanism, politics, and race: Zhang and DrieschDriesch: Chinese thinking and East-West unityWeimar Confucianism and Weimar OrientalismThree: The Development of Zhang’s New Confucianism Zhang and the modernization of ConfucianismFrom Eucken to Kant: Zhang’s later reflections on the problem of lifeLife-philosophical and Kantian Confucianism in Zhang and MouPostscriptResentment and Ressentiment: Nietzsche, Scheler, and Confucian EthicsOne: Resentment and Ressentiment Strawson on freedom and resentmentScheler’s conception of resentmentNietzsche and the constitutive force of ressentimentThe resentment of Confucian ChinaTwo: Early Confucian Ethics and Resentment Resentment, recognition, and the lifeworldInterpersonal resentment and recognition in the AnalectsResentment and the struggle for recognitionThe dialectic of recognition and resentment in the AnalectsResentment and asymmetrical ethicsResentment and the ethics of alterityThree: Resentment and Intercultural Confucian Ethics A Nietzschean or a Confucian Ethos?Unfixing resentmentIs the ethical the ultimate form of ressentiment?Confucian ethics and the politics of resentmentConclusion: A critical intercultural ConfucianismTechnology and the Way: Daoism in Buber and HeideggerIntroduction: The perils of intercultural philosophyOne: Daoism and German Philosophy Daoism in modern German philosophyThe Hasidic ZhuangziTwo: Daoism and the Question Concerning Technology Responding to technological modernity with Daoist wuweiHeidegger, technology, and the wayTechnique and the DaoConclusionHeidegger, Misch, and the “Origins” of PhilosophyIntroduction to philosophy: One or myriad beginnings?One: Questionable Origins Heidegger, history, and the question of the originHeidegger and the Occidental essence of philosophyOn the prejudices of the philosophersTwo: Other Beginnings Another “another beginning”?Georg Misch and the multiplicity of originsMisch’s trans-perspectival DaoismReflecting on another beginning: hermeneutics, the Yijing, and philosophyConclusionPhenomenology, Eurocentrism, and Asia: Husserl and HeideggerOne: Phenomenology and Buddhism Phenomenology as movement and wayThe European reception of BuddhismHusserl and the BuddhaHusserl and the Kaizo between crisis and renewalBuddhism and the phenomenological movementTwo: Husserl, Asia, and the Idea of Europe Husserl’s crisesThe problem of Husserl’s EurocentrismHusserl and his othersDecolonizing the lifeworldHusserl and the European idea of philosophyThree: Heidegger, Europe, and the Question of Asia The Occidental essence of philosophy and the crisis of the OccidentHeidegger and the im/possibility of intercultural dialogueConclusionEncounter, Dialogue, and Learning: Martin Buber and Zen BuddhismOne: Buber and the Western Reception of Zen Buddhism The marginalization of Zen Buddhism in Western philosophyLearning and no-learning in Zen and Jewish personalismAnecdotes about learningTwo: Dialogical Ethics and Zen Buddhist Ethics The concrete and the otherA Zen ethos of encounter and dialogueAntinomianism, ethics, and Chan BuddhismConclusionNothingness, Language, Emptiness: Heidegger and Chan BuddhismOne: The Question of Nothing Awakening to the basic questionThe question of the nothing in Carnap and HeideggerThe question of nothingness in Western philosophyTwo: Emptying Emptiness Emptiness, not sacrednessPlaying with and without wordsFrom an aporetic point of viewThe self-destructuring of emptinessDestructuring the communicative eventConclusion: Heidegger and intercultural hermeneuticsConcerning a critical intercultural hermeneuticsOn the way to a critique of Eurocentric reasonA Gingko leaf: An image between one and twoBibliography

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