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Male Circumcision

Male circumcision has been found to reduce the likelihood that a man can contract the virus from a woman. It is estimated that widespread male circumcision prevents infection in 20% of those who otherwise would have contracted the disease (UNAIDS, 2012a). Additionally, men who are themselves circumcised are more likely to agree to having their infant son circumcised (Young et al., 2012). Countries have been utilizing different strategies to promote this to their citizens. In Kenya, men are given vouchers that can be redeemed for cash (100 Kenya shillings) when they return for a follow-up visit. This helps reduce the impact of loss of income men experience by missing work for the procedure (“Push to meet,” 2012). In Uganda, response to circumcision campaigns has been high and the main limiting factor has been the number of health workers able to complete the procedure (“Supply,” 2012). However, concerns exist among women whether this might mean that men will then be less willing to wear a condom or more willing to cheat (“Mass male circumcision,” 2007).

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