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Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases

The first target under this goal is to halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. As noted in Chapter 6, good progress is being made on this goal. The number of new infections continues to decline

(a 21% decrease between 2001 and 2011), including in some of the hardest hit countries. A second target was added of providing universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for those who need it. The number of those receiving medication has increased markedly, and it is possible to reach the goal of universal access by 2015, but it is uncertain.

The third target under this goal is to halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases by 2015. The fight against malaria has rapidly increased in recent years, with funds coming from the Global Fund, the Gates Foundation, and the U.S. Malaria Initiative to purchase and distribute malaria nets. While the hoped-for 50% reduction will not be achieved, significant progress has been made. Since 2000, the incidence of malaria has decreased 17% and malaria deaths have decreased more than 25%, saving 1.1 million lives. Substantial progress is also being made in the fight against tuberculosis with a reduction in the number of new cases, as well as improvements in treatment of those infected. Tuberculosis deaths have been halved globally, which has resulted in averting 20 million deaths.

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