Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
There are six targets under this goal, two of which include addressing the special needs of the least developed nations, landlocked countries, and small island developing countries. Official development aid dropped in 2012 to
0.29% of the Gross National Income of OECD countries, less than half of the goal of 0.7%. Additionally, aid to the Least Developed Countries is being reduced in favor of aid to middle-income nations (OECD, 2013).
The third target is to further develop a nondiscriminatory trading and financial system. This has improved for countries in the Global South, including those designated as Least Developed Countries. Duty-free access to global markets has improved, and tariffs are currently at a record low. The next target is to deal comprehensively with the debt of nations in the Global South. Debt payments have fallen substantially for 29 heavily indebted countries. Debt payments have fallen from 12% of external payments in 2000 to 3.1% in 2011. This is due both to debt forgiveness as well as increasing exports.
The fifth goal is to provide access to affordable essential medications for the Global South. The Millennium Development Goals report does not provide any data for this. However, as noted in Chapter 6, access has substantially increased, particularly for medications that treat HIV, but many more people continue to require essential medications.
The last goal is to help broaden access to advances in technology, especially information and communication. Access to communication technology has risen rapidly: The number of cell telephone subscribers has increased markedly. Access to the Internet continues to grow rapidly, with almost two-thirds of Internet users now located in the Global South.