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Conclusion: The Unfinished Revolution

As we have argued in this book, we have to move beyond the negative dialectics perspective in viewing paradox in order to realize various new possibilities or potentialities. In these, there are remnants and hybrids that do not fall into neat divisions. Following this, in examining the discourse of the China Dream, we have shown that President Xi has in fact been attempting to introduce a revolution within the Party in order to resocialize Party members and through this develop new kinds of subjectivities. These subjectivities, as we have discussed, are associated with expectations with regard to producing ethical Party members and also highly capable professionals with a global outlook for the purpose of fulfilling the China Dream, which contains two levels of aims: the domestic one is the “Two Centenary Goals”1 and the international one is the “One Belt One Road” strategy.

The current ethical revolution, associated with the anti-corruption and anti-four undesirable working styles campaigns and also the MLE programme, is, however, only the half-way point towards the formation of new subjectivities among officials in China. In view of fulfilling China’s regional and global dream, that is, of economic and geopolitical stability and advancement, the chilling effect of the anti-corruption and anti-four undesirable working styles campaigns is potentially holding China back and thus must be corrected in the near future. Thus, the current anticorruption and anti-four undesirable working styles campaigns in particular are components of an unfinished revolution.

The identification of problems (or unintended consequences) that have emerged from the current ethical revolution further paves the way for President Xi to reform the Party’s motivation mechanisms in order to introduce further mechanisms for the improvement in the Party in terms of professionalism and efficiency, to drive forward the China Dream. We call this second half of the revolution the “professional revolution.” That is to say, the China Dream entails a paradoxical revolution, which is half ethical and half professional. Its aim is to produce a hybrid subjectivity that is both ethical and professional, whereas there is a remnant subjectivity that seems less responsive to any of these revolutions, as we discussed in this chapter. Having devoted this book to the first half of President Xi’s revolution, we will examine the various hybridizations in the second half of President Xi’s professional revolution (in view of fulfilling “The Two Centenary Goals” and “One Belt One Road” strategy) in our next book.

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