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Notes

  • 1. Young to Creech Jones, 30 May 1946 and 23 April 1947, CO537/2193, TNA.
  • 2. Fedorowich, ‘Decolonization Deferred?’, pp. 27-28.
  • 3. Foreign Office, memorandum, ‘The Future Status of Hong Kong’, 13 April 1946, CO537/1649, TNA.
  • 4. Commons, 14 October 1942, Hansard, 383, col. 1603; Commons, 28 January 1943, Hansard, 386, col. 634W.
  • 5. For example, see: Commons, 14 October 1942, Hansard, 383, col. 1603.
  • 6. Wm. Roger Louis, ‘Hong Kong: The Critical Phase, 1945-1949’, The American Historical Review, 102/4 (1997), p. 1063.
  • 7. James P. Hubbard, The United States and the End of British Colonial Rule in Africa, 1941-1968 (Jefferson, NC, 2011), p. 12.
  • 8. Wolton, The Loss of White Prestige, pp. 45-48.
  • 9. Bevin, memorandum, ‘Erection and Maintenance of Broadcasting Station in Singapore’, 28 March 1946, CAB129/8/29.
  • 10. Wolton, The Loss of White Prestige, p. 154.
  • 11. Commons, 8 November 1944, Hansard, 404, cols 1352-1353.
  • 12. Philip Snow, The Fall of Hong Kong: Britain, China and the Japanese Occupation (New Haven, CT, 2004), p. 232.
  • 13. Francis Yi-hua Kan, ‘The Position of Hong Kong in Britain’s Policy towards the Two Rival Chinese Regimes during the Early Years of the Cold War’, Civil Wars, 2/4 (1999), p. 112.
  • 14. Mark Hampton, Hong Kong and British Culture, 1945-97 (Manchester,
  • 2016), p. 21.
  • 15. JIC, Hong Kong, ‘Weekly Intelligence Summary’, no. 5, 25 October 1945, CO129/592/6, TNA.
  • 16. Steve Tsang, A Modern History ofHong Kong (London, 2004), p. 135.
  • 17. Tsang, ‘Government and Politics in Hong Kong’, p. 70.
  • 18. Feng Zhong-ping, The British Government’s China Policy 1945-1950 (Keele, 1994), p. 20; Kan, ‘The Position of Hong Kong’, pp. 109-110.
  • 19. Louis, ‘Hong Kong: The Critical Phase’, p. 1063; Mark, Hong Kong and the Cold War, p. 30.
  • 20. Foreign Office, memorandum, ‘The Future Status of Hong Kong’, 13 April 1946, CO537/1649, TNA.
  • 21. Commander-in-chief, Hong Kong to admiralty for COS, 18 September 1945, CO129/592/6, TNA.
  • 22. Tsang, A Modern History of Hong Kong, pp. 87-90; Snow, The Fall of Hong Kong, p. 7; Ming K. Chan, ‘Hong Kong in Sino-British Conflict: Mass Mobilization and the Crisis of Legitimacy, 1912-1926’, in: Ming K. Chan (ed.), Precarious Balance: Hong Kong between China and Britain (Hong Kong, 1994), pp. 40-44; Chan, From Nothing to Nothing, pp. 21-23.
  • 23. Tsang, A Modern History, pp. 92-101.
  • 24. Unsigned, ‘Summary of memorandum on Trade Unionism in Hong Kong’, undated, CO129/615/1, TNA.
  • 25. Chan, ‘Hong Kong in Sino-British Conflict’, p. 53.
  • 26. JIC(FE), (48)12 (Final), ‘Communism in the Far East’, 7 October 1948, CO537/2650, TNA.
  • 27. Chan, From Nothing to Nothing, pp. 7-9; Cindy Yik-yi Chu, Chinese Communists and Hong Kong Capitalists: 1937-1997 (Basingstoke, 2010), pp. 25-29.
  • 28. Hong Kong Police Special Branch, report, ‘The Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong’, 30 June 1949, CO537/4816, TNA; Loh, Underground Front, pp. 59-60; Chu, Chinese Communists and Hong Kong Capitalists, p. 37.
  • 29. Chan Sui-jeung, East River Column, p. 98.
  • 30. Tsang, A Modern History of Hong Kong, pp. 129-130.
  • 31. Snow, The Fall of Hong Kong, p. 401n143; Loh, Underground Front,

pp. 61-62.

  • 32. Barrow, report, ‘The New Territories, September-November 1945’, 27 November 1945, CO129/595/9, TNA.
  • 33. Chu, Chinese Communists and Hong Kong Capitalists, p. 37; Chan, East River Column, p. 26.
  • 34. C. C. Chin, ‘In Search of the Revolution: A Brief Biography of Chin Peng’, in: C. C. Chin and Karl Hack (eds), Dialogues with Chin Peng: New Light on the Malayan Communist Party (Singapore, 2005), p. 358.
  • 35. David Cannadine, Ornamentalism: How the British Saw Their Empire (London, 2001), pp. 93-94, 98.
  • 36. James R. Arnold, Jungle ofSnakes: A Century ofCounterinsurgency Warfare from the Philippines to Iraq (New York, 2010), p. 136.
  • 37. Megarry, memorandum, 27 November 1946, enclosed in: Young to Creech Jones, 28 November 1946, CO537/1658, TNA.
  • 38. Young to Creech Jones, 30 May 1946, 25 July 1946, 27 January 1947, and 23 April 1947, CO537/2193, TNA; Kan, ‘The Position of Hong Kong’, p. 127.
  • 39. Joe England, Industrial Relations and Law in Hong Kong (Hong Kong, 1981), p. 110.
  • 40. Megarry, memorandum, 27 November 1946, enclosed in: Young to Creech Jones, 28 November 1946, CO537/1658, TNA.
  • 41. Tsang, Democracy Shelved, pp. 51-52.
  • 42. Megarry, memorandum, 27 November 1946, enclosed in: Young to Creech Jones, 28 November 1946, CO537/1658, TNA.
  • 43. Tsang, Democracy Shelved, p. 55.
  • 44. Young to Creech Jones, 30 May 1946 and 23 April 1947, CO537/2193, TNA.
  • 45. MacDougall, ‘Report on British Military Administration, Hong Kong’, annex of: MacDougall to Creech Jones, 11 July 1946, CO129/595/9, TNA.
  • 46. Tsang, A Modern History of Hong Kong, p. 142.
  • 47. I bid., p. 200.
  • 48. Tsang, ‘Government and Politics in Hong Kong’, pp. 69-70.
  • 49. Gavin Ure, Governors, Politics and the Colonial Office: Public Policy in Hong Kong, 1918-58 (Hong Kong, 2012), p. 113.
  • 50. England, Industrial Relations, p. 110.
 
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