Effective partnerships for better migration management and development
Finally, the book argues that a comprehensive governance framework should be based on effective partnerships and should rely on four dimensions, which interact to maximise the benefits of international migration:
- • International co-operation. Unilateral migration policies are both costly and inefficient, while co-operative policies bring benefits to all parties. International co-operation should therefore apply to all levels of governance: bilateral, regional and global.
- • Decentralisation. Migration policies should also involve local levels through a decentralisation process embedded in local socio-economic development strategies.
- • Inclusiveness. The governance of migration should include more actors in the decision process, namely non-governmental organisations (NGOs), trade unions, and the private and academic sectors.
- • Policy coherence. Because inconsistencies between migration policies and other public policies affect their respective efficiency, a coherent governance framework implies that migration policies are co-ordinated with other policies and consider the potential trade-off, for instance between migration and trade policies at the international level and between migration and labour policies at the national level.